Meaning of Abdicate
What is Abdicate:
Abdication is the act by which a king or prince renounces or yields, generally voluntarily, the right of sovereign title. Etymologically, the word comes from the Latin I will abdicate.
In Roman Law, the term was used to refer to dispossessing or debasing a person of his condition, status, or of some right, faculty or power. Hence, abdicating may also refer to renouncing the rights or advantages that one possesses.
Thus, the action of a person to resign by himself to a position, before the stipulated time for his exercise is fulfilled, implies an abdication. This is the case, for example, of kings, whose title must be exercised until death.
For this reason, the word is currently used, above all, to refer to the act of a monarch to abandon the supreme power of a state. Synonyms, in this sense, would be to resign, yield, resign or separate.
In the old days, an abdication occurred in really grave circumstances, of political turmoil. In modern times, however, abdication has become relatively common in some monarchies, where older kings prefer to abdicate in favor of their successor to the throne. Such has been the case of King Juan Carlos de Borbón, in Spain, who in 2014 abdicated the throne in his son Felipe VI.
Abdicate, on the other hand, is also used figuratively to refer to the act of abandoning an idea or opinion that has been held or has long been insisted upon: "I abdicated my efforts to make you change your mind." Synonyms of abdicate, in this sense, would be to resign, desist or abandon.