Meaning of bullying
What is bullying:
Bullying is any form of physical, verbal or psychological abuse or harassment that occurs between children and young people of school age repeatedly throughout the time at school or college.
Bullying, also known as bullying, abuse, bullying or bullying, in English, bullying, is a type of emotional violence that takes place in educational centers, and in their spaces (the classroom, the playground, the gym), although it can also be extended to other spaces, such as social networks, with the cyberbullying.
It consists of a form of systematic and continuous torture in which the aggressor subjects his victim through physical, verbal, psychological torture, intimidation and isolation, to undermine his confidence and destroy his image in front of his companions.
In this dynamic, the aggressor is perceived as stronger than the victim, whether this force is real or not. The victim, for his part, feels inferior and lives in fear or anguish at school.
Bullying tends to develop silently, in view of other classmates, accomplices by action or omission. And it can have severe psychological consequences for the bullied individual.
Consequences of bullying
Bullying has dire consequences on the physical and mental health of the victim. On the one hand, it affects your school performance, and, on the other, your personal well-being, resulting in you suffering from low self-esteem, distortion of your image, anxiety, nervousness, irritability or depression, among other things. Depending on how hard the situation can be, it can lead to thoughts about suicide in the victim of harassment and, even, its materialization.
Types of bullying
There are different types of bullying. They can be presented in a specific way or together, depending on the situation.
- Physical: includes all kinds of physical aggressions, ranging from kicks and blows, to pushing, among other things.
- Verbal: it is expressed through words with nicknames or nicknames, insults, humiliations, disqualifications, etc.
- Psychological: seeks to undermine the person's self-esteem through threats and harassment, creating a situation of constant fear and tension.
- Social: try to isolate the victim from the rest of the group.