Meaning of Adoption
What is Adoption:
Adoption is known as the legal or juridical act by which a person takes as a child a boy or girl who is biologically the child of other parents. This means that adoption refers to those people who meet the requirements established by law to take a child who is not theirs as a child, to legally perform the obligations that a parent should have towards a child.
The legal act of adoption establishes a legal-parental bond between a boy or girl and his father or mother, which creates a bond between parents and children even if they do not have the same blood.
The word is also used to refer to the action of adopting, which sometimes works not to refer only to the legal act but to those opportunities in which you want to express the desire or the action of taking something, such as when you It says that the government adopted wrong economic measures, or when a country adopted an international treaty on economic integration.
It is that adoption that is carried out by people who are strangers or strangers to the country where the child was born, that is, it is carried out by foreigners of a certain territory, it is very common and very frequent the case of women and men born or belonging to developed countries that move to poorer nations with great economic difficulties where they adopt a child and take him to live with them to give him other life opportunities, as is the example of celebrities such as Madonna, Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
Single Parent Adoption
It is a very controversial issue, since this adoption is one that is carried out by parents of the same sex, that is, by homosexual couples. This is obviously not authorized in all countries of the world, so to choose this option it must be done in a country in which the legislation and legal system authorize the adoption of a child by a same-sex couple or marriage. .
There are those who are against this type of adoption because of the controversial sexual issue and the possible education that children adopted by a homosexual couple may have, say the detractors of this option, however those who defend it say that the education and life of a Adopted child does not depend on the sexuality of their parents and that these children have been abandoned by their heterosexual parents.
Requirements for Adoption
It can be said that there is a wide variety of requirements and obligations to comply with in order to adopt a child or adolescent and that in turn these depend on the country and its legislation, but we can roughly name those that They are more common in the different legal systems, within which we have:
- Minimum age: it is an essential requirement, in the vast majority the adopter must be of legal age, in some cases it must be a person over the age of majority, to guarantee that they are mature and suitable to adopt.
- Maximum age: it is also applicable by virtue of the life expectancy of a person who adopts a child, since if the child is of advanced age, the risk of death is greater, which makes it likely that the child could be orphaned.
- Full capacity to exercise civil rights: that is, not be impeded by being a prisoner or being legally incapable.
- Not being a guardian in exercise of the adoptee.
Full and Simple Adoption
Full adoption constitutes a new irrevocable civil status where the adoptee acquires the marriage surnames, which must be between a man and a woman, therefore the adoptee enjoys the same rights and obligations as consanguinity and affinity, which it means that the boy or girl happens to have grandparents and uncles if possible.
In simple adoption, only rights and duties are established between the adopter and the adoptee, which makes the difference from full adoption in which the adoptee may have grandparents and uncles, if applicable, while in simple adoption he only has a father or mother. since this type of adoption can be carried out by a single person.
It should be noted that the first allows the adoptee the option of inheriting all his ancestors in all grades, while in the second he can only inherit the father or mother, depending on the case, full adoption is irrevocable while the simple one can be revoked, in full the adoption must be carried out by a marriage or heterosexual couple, while in the second it can be carried out by a single individual, be this man or woman.