Meaning of Alienation
What is Alienation:
Alienation is called the process by which an individual becomes someone outside himself, who is strange, who has lost control over himself.
In this sense, alienation is a process of transformation of consciousness that can occur both in a person and in a community. As a product of alienation, people behave contrary to what was expected of them due to their condition or nature.
Hence, alienation is also synonymous with alienation, which means being outside of oneself, losing control of oneself.
The word, as such, comes from Latin alienation, alienatiōnis, which means ‘action and effect of alienating’.
See also Disposal.
Alienation in Philosophy
Hegel designated as alienation the estrangement or distancing of the subject in relation to himself. Ludwig Feuerbach, for his part, used the concept of alienation to explain the religious phenomenon in which the human being renounces his own nature in favor of that of a being in which he recognizes God. Karl Marx, on the other hand, related alienation to his theory of the exploitation of the proletariat by the capitalist.
Alienation according to Karl Marx
Marx interprets the concept of alienation as the exploitative relationship proper to the capitalist system in which the worker is not considered as a person in himself, but in terms of his economic value, as labor for the multiplication of capital, that is, the worker represents only a certain amount of money.
- Karl Marx.
Alienation in Psychology
For Psychology, alienation is a mental state that is characterized by the loss of the feeling of one's own identity. In other words, alienation supposes the loss of self-consciousness, of the individual's ability to recognize himself in the world.