Meaning of Amnesia

What is Amnesia:

Amnesia is the memory function disorder that causes total or partial loss of memory. However, amnesia can be temporary or permanent, and can worsen as days go by.

The amnesic disorder or syndrome is characterized by permanent and stable memory impairment or alteration, the product of an organic brain disorder in the absence of other perceptual or cognitive senses.

Regarding its etymological origin, the word amnesia is of Greek origin "Amnisia", formed by the negation prefix "a-" which means "without", "mnéme" which expresses "memory", the suffix "-sis" which represents "action", and the suffix "-ia" which means "quality" .

Amnesia is a theme used in fiction, it is developed or represented in movies or series, as is the case of anterograde amnesia, in the movie "Memento", dissociative amnesia in the anime series "Elfen Lied", amnesia lacunar in the movie “Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind”.

On the other hand, in the musical world, the song amnesia of the Australian group 5 seconds of summer, written by the suffering of this disease to one of the writers for a blow he suffered to the head.

Causes of amnesia

First of all, the causes of amnesia are organic or functional.

Organic ones are the result of a brain injury, which can be caused by a brain tumor, cancer treatments, head trauma, migraine, brain infections, insufficient oxygen to the brain, among others.

The functional ones are due to psychological sequelae, such as: after a traumatic or stressful moment, bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, or any other disorder.

Likewise, there are other causes that help memory loss such as alcohol, drug, epilepsy, drug abuse, ECT (electroconvulsive therapy), diseases that cause loss or damage to neurons or brain tissue (Parkinson's disease ), absence of vitamins or nutrients.

Types of amnesia

Among the most common types of amnesia, the following stand out:

  • Anterograde amnesia¸ the individual does not have the ability to remember new facts or events, but will remember the past. Specifically, this type of amnesia is characterized by the fact that new events are not transferred to long-term memory, and that is why they are easily forgotten.
  • Retrograde amnesia, the person will not remember events or events from his past.
  • Lacunar amnesia, is caused by the event a specific event.
  • Dissociative amnesia, produced by a memory that causes pain, either emotional or psychological.
  • Post-traumatic amnesia, also called transient, caused by a head injury that did not penetrate the skull, its duration depends on the degree of damage.
  • Global amnesia, total memory loss.
  • Childhood amnesia, the individual cannot recall moments from his childhood.
  • Fugue state or dissociative fugue amnesia, usually temporary caused by psychological trauma.
  • Post-hypnotic amnesia, happens when events during or before hypnosis are forgotten, and cannot be remembered.
  • Psychogenic amnesia. result of a psychological cause.
  • Progressive amnesia is related to Alzheimer's disease and other degenerative dementias.
  • Korsakoff syndrome, a type of amnesia related to alcoholism.

Treatment of amnesia

The treatment of amnesia will depend on the type that the individual suffers from. Generally, hypnosis, occupational therapy, psychotherapy, use of drugs, among others, are applied. However, in the case of amnesia produced by alcohol, it is ordered the prohibition of it and a diet rich in vitamins.

However, to prevent some cases of amnesia or memory loss, it is advisable to perform multiple activities, sleep approximately 8 hours a day, avoid stressful situations, and lead a healthy life through a balanced diet and exercise.

Tags:  Religion-And-Spirituality Science General