Meaning of digestive system
What is the digestive system:
The digestive system is made up of a set of organs that are responsible for the digestion process. These organs make up a kind of long tube through which food travels to be processed and absorbed.
Through the digestive system, our body can transform the food we consume into simpler substances, that is, into nutrients.
Nutrients are transported by the blood throughout the body, to be used and transformed into energy, which we need to carry out our daily activities.
Parts of the digestive system
The digestive system is made up of several organs in charge of transforming food into smaller particles so that they can be used by the body's cells. From the mouth to the anus the digestive tube is eleven meters long.
In the mouth, the digestion process begins. The teeth grind the food we eat so that it can be transported through the pharynx, the esophagus and, finally, reach the stomach. The tongue, meanwhile, is a muscle that helps in chewing and transporting food to the esophagus.
In the mouth there are also salivary glands that generate saliva and allow food to be mixed and swallowed, that is, its passage through the pharynx and esophagus.
It is located behind the mouth, is shaped like a tube, and connects to the nose, esophagus, and larynx. All the food we eat and the air we breathe pass through the pharynx, therefore, this organ is part of both the digestive system and the respiratory system.
However, in the pharynx is the epiglottis, a kind of valve that prevents food from being directed towards the respiratory tract.
It is a tube that measures 30 centimeters and communicates the pharynx with the stomach. Its structure is made up of muscles that allow its contraction and relaxation to transport food.
It is a muscular organ in which ingested food accumulates. The stomach performs a movement that allows food to be mixed with gastric juice. Its shape can vary depending on the amount of food eaten.
The stomach is made up of the cardia (where it connects to the esophagus), the fundus or fundus, the gastric body, the antrum, and the pylorus (where it joins the small intestine).
See also Digestion.
The liver is an organ that performs various functions such as filtering the blood, eliminating toxic substances from the body and producing bile, which allows the absorption of fats from food, among others.
The pancreas is the organ that produces hormones necessary to digest food and controls blood sugar levels. It is located behind the stomach.
The small intestine is a tube that is approximately seven meters long. Its main function is to incorporate proteins, vitamins, water, salt, carbohydrates and fats into the body through numerous villi that are found inside.
It begins in the duodenum, behind the pylorus, and ends in the ileum, where it joins the large intestine. It is made up of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
In the small intestine, the process of digestion of food ends, which are broken down into simpler elements for the absorption of nutrients, which pass through the walls of the small intestine into the blood and are used by the cells.
It is a tube where food and water accumulate that the body cannot digest. These substances form stool that is passed through the anus. It has a variable length, so it can measure between 120 or 160 centimeters. It starts from the ileocecal valve, the cecum, the colon, and the rectum.
The anus is the final opening of the digestive system, it is made up of muscles called sphincters that control the defecation process.
Functions of the digestive system
The main function of the digestive system is the transport of food and its transformation into nutrients that will be absorbed through the digestive juices and the different processes carried out by the organs that make up this system.
Nutrients are transported through the blood, specifically, by cells. In this way they are absorbed and used for our well-being. Once the nutrients have been used to the maximum, the body eliminates waste or unusable substances from food, through the feces.