Meaning of Apartheid
What is Apartheid:
What apartheid It is called the racial segregation system that existed in South Africa until 1994, which consisted of the exclusion of the majority of the population by a white minority.
Despite the fact that in South Africa there were already high levels of segregation towards the black population, due to its colonial history, it was not until 1948, when it would officially enter the legislation, that the apartheid it would be established as such.
The word apartheidAs such, it comes from Afrikaans, a Germanic language derived from Dutch (spoken mainly in South Africa and Namibia), and means 'separation'.
Hence the apartheid consisted fundamentally in the separation of the different racial groups. Thus, for example, depending on the skin color, different places were designated to live, study or recreate.
In addition, people were classified according to their race, appearance, ancestry or social acceptance, according to which they enjoyed certain advantages or not.
Likewise, the black population or of another ethnic origin, such as the Indians, lacked certain social rights such as, for example, the possibility to vote.
Whites, who represented a 21% minority within the country, held political and economic power, and protected, through this system, their privileges.
The supposed objective of apartheid it was to achieve, thanks to the separation of the different racial groups, progress.
See also Racism.
The apartheidHowever, as a consequence, it produced resistance movements among segregated groups, demanding equal civil rights. Its emblematic leader was Nelson Mandela.
The end of the apartheid in 1994, with the rise of Nelson Mandela to power and the policies of racial reconciliation carried out by him.
Today, the apartheid It is considered by international law as a crime against humanity and is recognized in any political regime that incurs in the systematic and institutionalized practice of oppression to maintain the dominance of one racial group over another or others.