Meaning of Art nouveau

What is Art nouveau:

Art nouveau is an artistic and cultural trend that seeks to break with the dominant trends of the moment, modernizing art and urban culture with a strong decorative sense.

The cultural movement art nouveau It arose at the end of the 19th century and remained until the beginning of the 20th century, seeking to contrast with industrialization after the second industrial revolution.

The Art nouveau uses motifs inspired by nature or organic materials to capture sensuality and eroticism in decorative art objects, characteristic of this movement.

Art nouveau It encompasses the fields of painting, sculpture, literature, decoration, photography, and jewelry, furniture, and object design.

This current receives several names according to the language in which it is used. Despite being the best known French art nouveau, also receives the name of modernism in Spanish, jugendstil in German, sezessionstil in Austrian and stile floreale in Italian.

Features of the art nouveau

The art nouveau it is characterized by the presence of elements of nature, emphasizing its rebellious lines as an analogy to freedom from industrialization. It is highly decorative, coming to be defined by later currents as a movement of excessive ornamentation.

In addition, this movement combines various cultural references in order to enhance the aesthetic and artistic qualities of the object, such as the use of Byzantine motifs, Japanese engravings, and French Baroque and Rococo influences.

Architecture art nouveau

Image of the Palace of Fine Arts, Mexico City

The current of art nouveau explores its influence not only in paintings, but its impact is especially important in the field of architecture.

The style art nouveau in architecture it begins to be used and recognized in the world, after the Belgian architect Victor Horta (1861-1947) finished the Tassel house in 1893.

In Mexico, you can still find in Mexico City some architectural works of influence tort nouveau, such as the Palacio de Bellas Artes, the Palacio de Hierro building, the Casa Prunes and the UNAM Geology Museum.

Works and representatives of the art nouveau

The search for beauty, associated with pleasure, sensuality and, for the first time, eroticism, is one of the distinctive features of the art nouveau.

This can be seen reflected in the works of the Czech artist Alfons Maria Mucha (1860-1939), considered the father of this artistic trend, and in the painting The kiss by the Austrian painter Gustav Klimt (1898-1908).

In literature, better known as modernism, the Nicaraguan Rubén Darío is considered one of its precursors.

In architecture, the Belgians Goh ver Wayans and Victor Horta and the Catalan Antoni Gaudí stand out. that stands out with The Holy Family.

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