Astrophysics is the union of two branches of science, physics and astronomy, with which the structure, composition, phenomena and properties of the stars and other stellar bodies can be explained.
Scientific studies have determined that the laws of physics and chemistry are universal, therefore they can be applied to the celestial bodies in space, hence physics and astronomy can work hand in hand.
Astrophysics is an experimental science, it is based on the observation of the phenomena and properties of stellar bodies through astronomy, which can be explained through the laws and formulas of physics.
Scientist J. von Fraunhofer is one of the fathers of modern astrophysics. His observations and analysis during the 19th century focused on the observation of sunlight through a spectroscope (a scientific instrument that breaks down light into its fundamental colors).
These studies and observations led to a new method of analysis by which the chemical composition of the most distant stars can be determined and classified.
What astrophysics studies
Astrophysics is an experimental science that focuses its studies on the observation, theories and hypotheses of the physical compositions of stellar bodies such as stars and the structure of interstellar matter (clouds, gases and dust in space).
The telescopes used by astrophysicists have special properties that allow them to capture images that concentrate the light and temperature of the stars.
- Solar system: Astrophysical studies are concerned with understanding how the solar system and related systems are made up.
- Stars: the internal composition of stars and explosions known as gamma rays is observed and analyzed.
- Astrophysics studies the structure and composition of the galaxy and the central hole in it. It is also in charge of conducting studies on extragalactic physics and the universe as a whole.
- Astrophysics is an interdisciplinary science, because it not only relates astronomy to physics, but also draws on other sciences such as chemistry, mathematics, and geology.
Meanwhile, it is a science that generates great interest and that is why it is studied by a large number of students, especially because it seeks to give answers about the origin of various aspects of nature and because it involves significant technological development.
Thermonuclear astrophysics studies nuclear processes that release large amounts of energy in the form of particles or electromagnetic radiation, that is, thermonuclear reactions.
There are two types of thermonuclear reactions. Nuclear fusion reactions that occur in the sun and stars generating energy and nuclear fission reactions that a process used in nuclear power plants.
See also Nuclear fission.
Thermonuclear energy is inexhaustible and much cheaper, due to its extraction process, compared to other energy sources.