Meaning of Autonomy

What is Autonomy:

Autonomy, in general terms, is the condition, the state or the capacity for self-government or a certain degree of independence. Some synonyms for autonomy would be sovereignty, self-government, independence, emancipation and power. While antonyms are dependence and subordination.

Thus, the autonomy of a person is the ability or condition to carry out tasks independently. For example: "In my new job they have already given me some autonomy."

Referring to municipalities, regions or organizations, autonomy is the power or power to establish their own regulations and governing bodies within the authority of a State. Hence, in some countries such as Spain, the territory is divided into autonomous communities.

The autonomy of a vehicle, on the other hand, is the maximum distance that it is capable of making without the need to refuel. For example: "This car has a range of 600 kilometers."

It is also often applied to different devices that have a battery or an energy storage mechanism. For example: "This computer has up to five hours of autonomy".

The word autonomy comes from Latin autonomy, and this in turn from the Greek αὐτονομία (autonomy), formed by αὐτός (autós), which means ‘same’, and νόμος (nómos), ‘law’ or ‘norm’.

Personal autonomy

Personal autonomy is a concept of disciplines such as Philosophy, Pedagogy and Psychology. It can be defined in a generic way as the ability to make decisions and act on issues related to oneself. Personal autonomy is worked on in different areas, such as early childhood education and education for people with disabilities.

Moral autonomy

Moral autonomy is the ability of the human being to assess aspects of moral character for himself, such as, for example, distinguishing what is right from what is wrong, or what is right from what is unfair. It is considered that people are capable of judging a mode of action or a reality without taking into account external factors that may influence that assessment. However, at the real level, people's moral autonomy is strongly influenced by the social environment. Moral autonomy is considered to be the product of human and personal development, and gives people a decision-making capacity consistent with their moral values ​​and their critical perception of the world.

Autonomy and heteronomy

Heteronomy is a philosophical concept that defines the condition of the will that is governed by imperatives that are not its own, but come from external agents. In this sense, it is a concept opposite to the idea of ​​autonomy. It is important not to confuse this concept with heteronymy, which is a linguistic term that identifies the relationship between two words of different etymological origins, for example, horse and mare.

See also Heteronomy.

University autonomy

University autonomy is one of the principles by which many universities are governed. It expresses that the organizational and management aspects are carried out independently of other bodies and entities, for example, the political power.

See also University.

Autonomy and independence

Autonomy is not the same as independence. Independence is the condition of independence, that is, the freedom to act, act and decide without being subject to anyone's mandate. Independence is a term used in politics to refer to states that have emancipated themselves from the domination of another state.

Autonomy, on the other hand, refers to a certain power or level of independence that a person or body has to act, do or decide, within certain terms. Thus, a province, a municipality, a district, a university or a department can enjoy a certain autonomy as long as they remain within the limits of the norms or laws that govern the superior entity of which they are tributaries.

Tags:  Religion-And-Spirituality Expressions-In-English Sayings And Proverbs