Meaning of Self-realization
What is Self-Realization:
Self-realization is the satisfaction of having achieved and fulfilled one or more personal goals that are part of human development and potential.
Through self-realization, individuals expose their capacities, abilities or talents to the maximum in order to be and do what they want. That is, it refers to the achievement of a personal goal through which happiness can be contemplated.
The desire for self-realization is motivated by the individual search that leads us to meet a series of expectations and give answers to doubts or questions that mark a certain existential moment.
Happiness is the highest achievement of self-realization, it is contemplative and is obtained when people understand that it is through deeds and actions that wishes and projects are fulfilled. It is part of the freedom to be and do what you want.
Self-realization is subject to and present in all areas of human development, that is, the family, personal relationships, studies, work, social relationships, love, projects, entrepreneurship, among others.
For this reason, the time invested, the effort and the work done to fulfill the vocation that each person has is very important and valuable. For example, musicians feel self-fulfilling when they sing, play an instrument, or compose songs.
However, it can happen that a person feels self-fulfilling in one area of their life but not in another. For example, it was possible to be a professional musician and have a distinguished artistic career but, as for the love of a couple, the right person has not yet been found and an emotional or sentimental imbalance is felt.
Self-realization brings happiness in itself and establishes the necessary and important emotional balance in each person.
If you are not clear about what to do and how to achieve your goals, then you can ask yourself the following questions: What is happiness for me? What can I do to achieve it? Am I willing to fight and work for it? What am I capable of doing for my self-realization?
Hence, one of the greatest satisfactions of old age is to take stock of the goals achieved and recognize the effort and time spent to achieve, in a coherent way, to be what was desired.
See also Happiness.
Self-actualization and Maslow's Pyramid
Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist and one of the leading exponents of humanistic psychology. Maslow proposed in his work A theory about human motivation, in 1943, the hierarchy of human needs, among which the elaboration of the famous Maslow pyramid and the analysis of human behavior stand out.
According to Maslow, self-actualization is the ultimate achievement of the satisfaction of human needs. It is the development of human potential, self-acceptance, strengthening spirituality, knowledge, good interpersonal relationships and living under the concept of happiness.
Maslow describes in his pyramid five levels of human needs that must be fulfilled to achieve self-realization, ranging from the most basic to the most complex. Higher needs should only be addressed once the simpler ones have been resolved.
Basic needs: these are the basic physiological needs such as breathing, feeding, sleeping, avoiding pain, among others.
Security and protection needs: security and physical and health integrity, having financial resources, housing, among others.
Social needs: it is composed of the feeling of affiliation, family, friends, work, social acceptance.
Esteem Needs: These are appreciation and esteem needs. It refers to respect for ourselves and those around us.
Self-actualization: indicates the need to "be" and personal motivation for growth. For Maslow, self-realization is the highest need of the human being, through which the most outstanding potentials of people are developed.
For Maslow, self-actualized individuals stand out for being more focused on the reality that surrounds them, they face adversity based on a solution and have a different perception of meanings and their ends.
On the other hand, Aristotle also made mention of self-realization describing it as the main goal of man in search of his individual happiness, hence what makes one being happy and another varies.