Meaning of Bolivian Flag
What is the Bolivian Flag:
The Bolivian flag is the main national symbol of the country, which is also known as “La Tricolor”. National Flag Day is celebrated on August 17 of each year.
It is characterized by having three horizontal stripes with the same dimensions with the colors, from top to bottom, red, yellow and green.
The Republic of Bolivia proclaimed its independence on August 6, 1825 and, on August 17, the first two national flags announced by the General Assembly were created under law.
Said flags were bicolor green and red punctured, that is, they had two green stripes at the ends and the middle red punctured band, in the center of which was placed a green oval that was formed by an olive branch and a laurel branch and in the center a gold-colored star.
Both flags were identified as the Lesser Flag (for civil use) and the Greater Flag (for state use). The Lesser Flag had a single oval in the center, on the contrary, the Greater Flag had an oval in the center and four more ovals on the sides.
However, in 1826 the president of Bolivia, Antonio José de Sucre changed the design of the first national flag approved by law on August 17, 1825.
In this design, the use of the five stars was replaced by a yellow stripe at the top of the flag and the arms of the Republic were placed between two branches of olive and laurel in the central stripe of red stabbing, and the lower green stripe.
Years later, on October 31, 1851, during the government of Manuel Isidoro Belzu, the design of the flag by which it is known today was once again modified.
History relates that President Belzu traveled on horseback from La Paz to Oruro in order to attend the National Congress. On the way it was possible to see a rainbow of which the colors red, yellow and green were clearly detailed.
Consequently, Belzu requested on October 30 to change the design of the flag. On October 31, the National Convention approved the new flag, recording these changes by law on November 5, 1851.
Two days later the new Bolivian flag was hoisted at the Conchupata Lighthouse, Oruro.
In 2004, during the presidency of Carlos Mesa, through a Supreme Decree on July 19, it was established that the civil flag, which is customary to use in civic and public acts and national dates, will not carry the National Shield.
But, the state flag exhibited in official acts must carry the National Shield in the yellow stripe.
However, the Bolivian flag has other variants according to its use. The flag that is hoisted in the Government Palace, Legislative Palace, Judicial Palace, ministries, embassies and other international organizations, must have the National Shield.
There is also the war flag that is delivered to the Bolivian National Police and the Armed Forces, as well as the Naval Flag.
Meaning of the colors of the Bolivian flag
The Bolivian flag is made up of three stripes of the same size in red, yellow and green.
The color red symbolizes the blood shed by Bolivian soldiers in the struggle for the birth and preservation of the Republic. It also represents love and sacrifice.
The yellow color represents the wealth and natural resources of Bolivia.
The green color represents the immensity of the Bolivian jungle and hope as one of the values of Bolivian society.
National Coat of Arms of Bolivia
The National Shield of Bolivia is a national symbol, characterized by being oval in shape and consisting of five parts.
In the upper part it has a rising Sun that appears behind the Cerro de Potosí. It symbolizes the birth of the country. In the center you can see the Cerro Rico de Potosí and the Cerro Menor, in which is the Chapel of the Sacred Heart. They are a symbol of natural wealth.
In the lower left is a white alpaca that represents the fauna of Bolivia. In the same lower part, but in the center, there is a bundle of wheat, a symbol of the food in the country.
In the lower right part there is a palm tree that represents the Bolivian vegetation.