Meaning of Flag of China
What is the Flag of China:
The flag of the People's Republic of China is a national symbol that generates a strong identity, for which this country is recognized internationally.
This flag is characterized by being a red cloth and having five five-pointed stars, one star is larger than the remaining four.
This flag is also known as Wǔ Xīng Hóng Qí, which in Spanish means “the red five-star flag”.
On July 4, 1949, a committee of the Chinese government requested the creation of a new design for the flag of their country, in which all those who wanted could participate.
From the result of this request, approximately 3,000 different designs were submitted for the new flag of China. Of that large number, the committee selected 38 to discuss and choose the design they considered most representative and symbolic.
Finally, a design created by Zeng Liansong, a Shanghai citizen, an economist and also a supporter of the communist system of government, was selected. This flag was red in color and contained five stars.
Inside the larger star were the hammer and sickle, as a symbol of communism, and the smaller stars were located around the large one.
However, this design, although it was the one selected, was modified and the hammer and sickle were removed from the big star because it was very similar to the flag of the Soviet Union.
On September 27, 1949, the model proposed by Zeng was approved as the flag of China, but with the aforementioned modifications.
This flag was first hoisted on October 1, 1949 in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, as part of the new founding of the People's Republic of China, shortly after the Communist Party came to power.
Symbolism of the flag of China
The flag of China is a symbol of great importance and representation of the government and its people, hence the reason for its design.
The red background symbolizes both the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people's revolution, called by some as the Chinese Civil War that lasted from 1927 to 1950.
The golden stars represent the unity of the Chinese people. The largest star represents the Communist Party of China, and the four smaller ones symbolize the four social classes, classified by Mao Zedong, the top leader of the Communist Party of China, as follows: the workers, the peasants, the petty bourgeoisie and The bourgeoisie.
However, the original meaning of the five stars by Zeng was the representation of the five main ethnic groups of China: the Han (big star), the Manchurians, Mongols, Tibetans and Muslims (the four small stars).
On the other hand, in China there is a law on how its flag should be manufactured correctly, how it should be flown and, even, the jail sentences that people can obtain for disrespecting this national symbol and representative of the People's Republic China worldwide.