Meaning of Flag of Peru
What is the Flag of Peru:
The flag of the Republic of Peru is part of the official national symbols that represent the history, struggle and culture of the Peruvian people, with whom they feel identified around the world and represent their identity and union.
This flag is characterized by being a rectangular cloth with three vertical stripes of the same width, two red that are located on the sides and one white located in the center and, without a shield.
Every June 7, Peru's Flag Day is celebrated. It is a special date because it also commemorates the anniversary of the Battle of Arica, carried out in 1880, in which more than a thousand men died, and among them, Colonel Francisco Bolognesi.
In 1950 General Manuel Odría, then president of Peru, made the decision to modify and restructure the design and meaning of the flag of his country.
The most significant changes were the removal of the national coat of arms from the white strip and showing in its specifications that the flag is "... rectangular in shape, with the national colors, without a coat of arms in the center."
Therefore, according to Article 8 of the Law on national symbols, from the year 1950, it is specified that the national flag to be hoisted will be without a shield and must be used in buildings, homes, factories, ships and even on national holidays or when ordered by a law or special decree.
Consequently, there is a specification of why and where the flag should be hoisted with or without the national emblem.
However, state agencies and institutions do use the flag with its respective shield in the central white strip.
Meaning of the colors of the flag of Peru
There are different stories about how the flag of Peru originated and why it is bicolor red and white, but unfortunately it is not known with certainty how it was.
According to a 1917 writing by Abraham Valdelomar, it is said that José San Martín, a military man and politician of great national importance who participated in the independence campaigns of Argentina, Chile and Peru, having landed on the southern coasts of Pisco, He was inspired by the colors of the parihuanas, a kind of flamingo with red wings and a white chest, to define the colors of the Peruvian bicolor.
However, the historian Mariano Felipe Paz Soldán, stated that the red and white colors of the flag were taken by San Martín in the following way: the red color was taken from the Chilean flag and the white color from the Argentine flag, countries in which he had fought until his liberation.
But this explanation was refuted by Jorge Fernández Stoll, who argued that San Martín had not been inspired by either the Chilean flag or the Argentine flag.
According to Stoll, San Martín was in favor of a constitutional monarchy and, based on this idea, he defined the colors of the flag of Peru.
Apparently, San Martín was based on the flag of the Crown of Castile and, the diagonal lines sought to represent the Cross of Burgundy, which was the flag that represented the Viceroyalty of Peru.
However, Stoll also considered that the red color of the flag of Peru could be derived from the Incas since that was their war color and, which in turn symbolizes the generous blood of heroes and martyrs. On the other hand, the white color then represents peace, purity, social justice and freedom.
Variants of the flag of Peru
After the reform carried out by General Manuel Odría to the flag of Peru, some variants of it arose, which are used in specific situations as necessary.
Flag with institutional flag: it is the flag that represents the Peruvian state since 1950, after the modification made by General Manuel Odría. This flag has the middle of the white stripe the coat of arms.
War flag: it is the flag that is delivered to the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru in the development of special ceremonies, for example, parades. This flag has the National Shield on the white stripe and is raised during war situations or armed actions as a symbol of defense.
Bow Flag: it is the flag that is hoisted on the bow of Peruvian ships.
National Banner: it is a small version of the National Pavilion that is placed inside buildings but without waving.