Meaning of Barbarism

What is a Barbarism:

As barbarisms we call all those linguistic mistakes that we commit when we make mistakes when writing or pronouncing a word.

The voice, as such, comes from Latin barbarismus, which in turn comes from the Greek βαρβαρισμός (barbarisms). This term comes from βάρβαρος (barbarians), the way foreigners were designated in ancient Greece, who had difficulties speaking the local language.

Thus, then, all those words, expressions or syntactic constructions that do not conform to the grammatical norms of the language are considered barbarisms, since they add, omit or transpose letters, sounds or accents.

The word barbarism can also be used as a synonym for barbarity, that is, words or actions that, due to their impropriety or recklessness, are impertinent. For example: "Enough of barbarism: let's speak sensibly."

Barbarism, likewise, is used with the sense of barbarism, lack of culture or rudeness: "Barbarism entered the Congress of the Republic with that deputy."

Types of barbarism

There are different types of barbarism depending on the type of impropriety they imply. They can be prosodic, syntactic or orthographic.

Prosodic barbarisms

Prosodic barbarisms are those in which vices are committed in diction or improprieties in the way of articulating certain sounds.

For instance:

  • Going or going by going, from the verb go.
  • Pull for pull.
  • Inspt by insect.
  • Foresee for foreseeing.
  • Haiga por beech.

Syntactic barbarisms

Syntactic barbarisms are those in which the agreement, the regime or the construction of words, sentences or idioms is corrupted.

For instance:

  • In relation to instead of in relation to or in relation to.
  • Queísmos: “Call before you come”, instead of “call before you come”.
  • Dequeísmos: “I think that it is not good”, for “I think that it is not good”.
  • Impersonal sentences: "Yesterday it reached 30 degrees", instead of "yesterday it reached 30 degrees."

Spelling barbarisms

Spelling barbarisms are those that imply failures to the norm of the correct writing and formation of the words. It occurs not only with words from one's own language, but also with foreign words not adapted to grammatical norms.

For instance:

  • I walked by walked, from the verb walk.
  • You said for you said, from the verb to say.
  • Decomposed by decomposed, from the verb decompose.
  • Monster by monster.
  • I was for I was, from the verb to be.
  • Restaurant by restaurant.
  • Boucher by voucher.
  • Bulling, bulyng, buling, bulin or bulyn by bullying.

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