Meaning of Biogeography
What is Biogeography:
Biogeography is the discipline of science that aims to study the distribution of living beings on Earth, their origin and recorded changes, as well as the distribution of ecosystems and landscapes.
Biogeography is an interdisciplinary science that is related to other areas of study, mainly geography and biology. Therefore, these studies, analyzes and descriptions are more exact in terms of describing the characteristics of each geographic space and the living beings that inhabit them.
For this reason, biogeography studies are supported by concepts and terms of other branches of study such as botany, geology, zoology, ecology, climatology, cell biology, marine biology, genetics, physiology, microbiology, among others.
In this sense, the studies covered by biogeography are very broad: they go from the past to the present and seek to understand what the future of living beings and ecosystems will be.
Thus, biogeography seeks to explain how life has evolved on Earth, how habitats, ecosystems have been modified and how species have evolved.
Likewise, it tries to explain what have been the changes and peculiarities that the aquatic and terrestrial environments have experienced due to their location, climate and the living beings that inhabit there.
The analyzes of the data obtained from the biogeography offer a historical and descriptive reflection of the behavior, adaptation and evolution that living beings, such as the seas and the land environment with their reliefs have experienced in the different geographical areas that exist.
Living beings are distributed according to the biological and climatic evolution, as well as the land and the seas.
Part of these changes arise from the movement of the tectonic plates (lithosphere and earth's crust) and from orogenesis, which refers to the changes that the earth's crust undergoes, which can be shortened or folded as a result of the pushing movement of the plates.
In this sense, it can be determined that life on Earth differs from one place to another according to its availability to obtain energy from sunlight, as well as its aquatic, terrestrial and aerial characteristics.
For example, the equatorial zones receive more solar energy than those that are towards the poles and the climatic seasons are less marked. Hence, the conditions of each region or ecosystem are different and, sometimes, unique.