Meaning of Boron (B)
What is Boron (B):
Boron is a chemical element whose chemical symbol is represented by the letter B. It is not found naturally in nature, being extracted in the form of borax (sodium tetraborate or sodium borate), ulexite (double borate of sodium and calcium ) and as colemanite (alteration of borax and ulexite).
Boron reaches the earth's surface through natural phenomena such as atmospheric precipitation, volcanic activity and sedimentation of the oceans.
Boron was recognized in 1824 as a new chemical element by Jöns Jacob Berzelius, being synthesized with 50% purity in 1808 by Humphry Davy, Gay-Lussac and L.J. Thenard.
The largest deposits in the world for the extraction of borax and ulexite, the main minerals for obtaining boron, are found in the Boron Valley in California, United States and in the Andean highlands salt flats in northern Chile, such as the salt flats of Surire and Ascotán.
Boron is a metalloid that is characterized by its great hardness. It is the chemical element with the highest tensile strength of the chemical elements in the periodic table. Some of the physical properties that characterize boron are: its low density, its high melting point (2,348K) and its great tensile strength.
The hardness of boron makes it an excellent abrasive agent, a product that acts on other materials through mechanical stress.
Thanks to its hardness and high tensile strength, boron is used as an industrial mineral to obtain insulating glass fibers, borosilicate glasses such as Pyrex glasses, enamels for kitchen utensils, and special high-resistance steels. in the aerospace industry, for the green and brown color of fireworks and as a shield against radiation.
Boron on the periodic table
Boron (B) is chemical element number 5 in the periodic table, its atomic number being 5. It has an atomic mass of 10.811, its electronegativity is 2.04 and its electronic configuration is [He] 1s22s22p1.
Boron belongs to the group of metalloids or also known as semimetals together with: silicon (Si), germanium (Ge), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), polonium (Po), astate (At ) and tellurium (Te).
In addition, it is grouped within group IIIA of the periodic table, called the Boron group, this element being the one that precedes the list. The chemical elements of this group are 5: boron (B), indium (In), thallium (Tl), aluminum (Al) and gallium (Ga).