What is BRICS:
BRICS is an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa as the five fastest growing emerging economies since the original term BRIC was coined in 2003 by Jim O'Neill of Goldman Sachs.
Jim O'Neill speculates that the countries that make up BRICS will be the suppliers that will dominate the world economy in 2050 in terms of goods and services on the one hand, and raw materials on the other.
BRICS is a generic marketing term to refer to Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, incorporated later in 2011, as the five emerging economies that will play an important role in the world economy in the medium term future .
BRICS offers, thanks to its low labor, production and raw material costs, the potential to form a strategically strong economic bloc and a source of opportunities for foreign investors for international expansion.
It is important to clarify that BRICS is not a formal bloc like, for example, Mercosur or the European Union (EU).
- European Union
Criticism of BRICS
Many economists criticize the BRICS theory, establishing among their arguments the idea that China's growth alone represents 70% of the GDP of the five countries, therefore it should be considered in a completely separate group.
See also GDP.
The argument that the abundance of natural resources that these countries, especially Brazil and South Africa, already have at low cost is considered a vulnerability rather than a strength for critics of BRICS, since they argue that raw materials come from non-renewable sources. that will run out over time.
See also Vulnerability.
Another criticism comes regarding the violation of human rights in which both China and Russia have incurred. Goldman Sachs defends the term stating that it is an acronym only and solely to determine its influence on the market due to its rapid economic growth.