Meaning of Bullying

What is bullying:

The bullying o bullying refers to a type of violent and intimidating behavior that is exercised verbally, physically or psychologically among children and adolescents during the school stage.

It is a series of continuous mistreatments that are carried out intentionally by one or more aggressors, with the purpose of attacking, generating insecurity or hindering the victim's school performance.

The word bullying It derives from English and can be translated into Spanish as 'school bullying' or 'intimidation'.

The bullying It is usually practiced against children or young people who are characterized by being submissive, having difficulty defending themselves, presenting low self-esteem, being insecure or because they differ from their peers for various reasons.

This type of abuse can occur in different places, such as in public spaces or parks, but it is fundamentally related to the school environment, which is why it affects children and adolescents in their relationships with their fellow students.

Generally, the bullying It begins with teasing that intensifies until, on many occasions, it leads to physical or verbal attacks that, as a consequence, generate psychological and emotional damage to the affected individual.

Also, the bullying it is related to the dynamics of abuse of power, through which an individual humiliates another to feel superior, for this he uses all kinds of aggressions such as teasing, insults or physical abuse. As a result, the victim feels fearful of their aggressors and seeks to avoid them.

It should be noted that bullying situations that take place outside the school environment, such as at work, spaces for human development or isolated episodes of abuse, are not called bullying. In such cases, the correct thing to do would be to speak of intimidation, harassment, abuse, humiliation or rape.

See also bullying.

Types bullying

Below are the different types of bullying that exist:

  • Bullying verbal: it is characterized by the use of insults, teasing, nicknames, gossip, rumors, threats and humiliations that affect the individual psychologically and lead to discrimination.
  • Bullying physical: it is the most common among students. It includes all kinds of physical aggressions such as hitting, kicking or pushing that can be carried out by one or more aggressors.
  • Bullying social: is one that seeks to isolate or exclude the child or adolescent from a social group. They achieve this through social or economic discrimination, indifferent treatment, among others.
  • Cyberbullying: also known as cyberbullying. In this case, the aggressor uses social networks and other technological resources to harass the victim and send false messages. These communication channels are wide-ranging and messages spread much faster.
  • Bullying sexual: it is a type of harassment of sexual connotation or abuse, in the most serious cases. In this case, girls are usually the main victims, as well as homosexual individuals.

See also Cyberbullying.

Features of the bullying

The main characteristics of the bullying are as follows:

  • It can be done by an individual or a group of attackers.
  • It is usually practiced for a specified period.
  • The aggressor has a sense of superiority, which is conveyed by the submission or fear of the harassed individual.
  • The most common forms in which it occurs are attacks, threats, insults, dirty games, cheating, nicknames, among others.

Consequences of bullying

Individual victims of bullying they may have some of the following symptoms:

  • Sleep disturbances
  • Eating disorders.
  • Irritability.
  • Depression.
  • Anxiety.
  • Headache.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Destructive thoughts, such as the wish to die.

In many cases, victims must be taken to therapy to treat the psychological marks left by the assault.

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