Meaning of Bourgeoisie

What is Bourgeoisie:

The middle and wealthy social class is called the bourgeoisie, in which those people who possess properties and high economic returns are grouped.

The term bourgeoisie derives from the French bourgeoisie, to refer to people who lived in cities where they had certain job privileges such as being merchants or artisans.

The bourgeoisie is a term that represents people who do not do any type of manual work and who have a significant accumulation of goods and money that turns them into wealthy people. Therefore, it is a term that designates the wealthy middle class.

The bourgeoisie is divided into three categories which are: the upper bourgeoisie, which is responsible for the means of production and high political office; the middle bourgeoisie, who are the people who exercise a liberal profession; and the lower bourgeoisie, who are the people who are part of the industrial and commercial sector.

According to Karl Marx the bourgeoisie is a social class of the capitalist regime, in which its members are responsible for production, they own their own business and are the opposite of the working class.

Likewise, Marx recognizes that it is thanks to the bourgeoisie and its values ​​that the term society evolved and opened the way to obtain civil rights and a representative State.

See also Bourgeois.

Origin of the bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie emerged in the Middle Ages, specifically in Europe, when the main source of work was still rural activity, although there were already merchants of clothing, jewelry and spices, as well as artisans.

Therefore, the term bourgeoisie was used to designate people who had left the countryside and rural activity to move and live within the walled cities in new spaces called boroughs. However, these people were looked down upon by the nobility.

It should be noted that the bourgeoisie were not feudal lords or serfs, nor did they belong to the privileged classes such as the nobility, the clergy or the peasantry.

Since then, the bourgeoisie has increased and in the 18th century the bourgeoisie ideologically expressed their values ​​and interests regarding the individual, work, innovation, progress, happiness, freedom and equal conditions, themes summarized in the French revolutionary motto: freed, égalite, fraternite.

Likewise, it was the bourgeoisie who actively participated in the French Revolution and in the Industrial Revolution, demanding their social rights, political rights and economic rights.

On the other hand, with the emergence of the bourgeoisie, bipartisanship originated in the political system, after the French Revolution, which consists of the composition of two majority parties, in this case, the bourgeois party on the one hand and the aristocracy. for the other.

See also Bipartisanship.

Currently, people who belong to the middle class or who have their own business are called bourgeoisie. However, there is also a derogatory use of the term bourgeoisie since it is used to catalog common and vulgar people who do not have very good taste.

Characteristics of the bourgeoisie

Below are the main characteristics of the bourgeoisie.

  • It is made up of levels at which groups of individuals differ according to their wealth, work activity and prestige.
  • Its fundamental value is to recognize civil rights and the division of powers.
  • It is based on the conception that states must have a representative political system.
  • The bourgeoisie can hold political office.
  • The bourgeoisie can form select groups of people of great economic and political influence.
  • It benefits from capitalist economic activity.
  • It establishes the differences between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.
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