What is Byte:
Byte (is pronounced bait) is a term created by Werner Buchholz in 1957 as a unit of digital information equivalent to four bits (binary digit, binary digit) originally and later as a standard it was adopted that 1 byte equals eight bits. The word byte comes from bite, which means nibble, as the smallest amount of data that a computer could "bite" at one time. The byte symbol is an uppercase B, to distinguish from bit, whose symbol is lowercase b. The byte is generally used in the areas of computing and telecommunications, in the latter it is commonly called an octet, which comes from the French octet, derived from Latin octo and from greek okto, which means eight, thus differentiating the 8-bit byte from other bytes with different bit equivalences.
The term byte is often used to specify amount, for example, the amount of memory on a certain device or the storage capacity. Example: 16 GB (gigabyte).
Each byte represents a single character of text on a computer. The byte represents letters, symbols, numbers, punctuation marks, special characters, etc. and encodes different information on the same computer, depending on the quantity. For example, 1 B equals one character or letter, 10 B equals one or two words, 100 B equals one or two sentences, 1 kB (1024 B) equals a very short story, 10 kB equals one page of encyclopedia, perhaps with a simple drawing, 100 kB equals a medium resolution photograph, 1 MB (1024 kB) equals a novel, 10 MB equals two copies of Shakespeare's complete play, 100 MB equals a shelf of 1 meter of books, 1 GB (1024 MB) equals a van full of pages of text, 1 TB (1024 GB) equals 50,000 trees, 10 TB equals the printed collection of the US Library of Congress.
The character encoding called ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange, American Standard Code for Information Interchange) adopted the information that 1 byte is equal to 8 bits, and using the binary system (with values 0 or 1), 256 characters were defined for the representation of text in computers, obtaining a pattern this way for operations between different devices.
To express amounts of data, the following measures are used:
- 1 byte = 8 bits
- 1 kilobyte (kB or kbyte) = 1024 bytes
- 1 megabyte (MB or Mbytes) = 1024 kilobytes
- 1 gigabyte (GB or Gbytes) = 1024 megabytes
- 1 terabyte (TB or Tbytes) = 1024 gigabytes
- 1 petabyte (PB or Pbytes) = 1024 terabytes
- 1 exabyte (EB or Ebytes) = 1024 petabytes
- 1 zettabyte (ZB or Zbytes) = 1024 exabytes
- 1 yottabyte (YB or Ybytes) = 1024 zettabytes