What is Calligraphy:
Calligraphy is the art of writing letters beautifully and correctly. As a calligraphy, it also names the set of features that characterize a person's way of writing: "Pedro's calligraphy is terrifying."
The word, as such, comes from the Greek καλλιγραφία (calligraphía), which is composed of κάλλος (kállos), which translates ‘beautiful’, and γράφειν (graphein), which means ‘writing’.
Calligraphy, in this sense, is a strictly manual technique that consists of drawing the different graphic signs corresponding to the alphabetic letters.
Calligraphy styles, as such, are varied and even personal. In the old days, it was possible to differentiate between classical calligraphy and non-classical handwriting. However, there are also calligraphic writing methods designed to standardize and facilitate the learning of certain calligraphy styles, such as the Palmer method.
The origin of calligraphy dates back more than 4,500 years, in China. The Chinese, in this sense, have a huge tradition in calligraphic writing, hence the visual beauty of their writing system: ideograms. In the West, on the other hand, calligraphy was initially based on the signs of the Latin alphabet, used by copyist monks during the Middle Ages to establish all the universal knowledge about scrolls. In the East, on the other hand, the Islamists developed their own calligraphic system, based on the Arabic alphabet.
After Gutenberg's invention of the printing press, calligraphy began a long process of decline in its use. The popularization of books and the use of typographic characters had a significant impact on the abandonment of calligraphic writing, to which were added inventions such as the ballpoint pen, typewriters and computers.
Currently, the disuse of calligraphy is such that the German newspaper Blind A few years ago it dedicated its cover to calligraphy, warning about its extinction. However, calligraphy continues to be an art form, which today various disciplines that handle visual language, such as advertising or graphic design, have been appropriated.