Characteristics of a monograph

A monograph is a research paper or text that addresses a specific aspect of a particular topic or topic. To fully understand what a monograph consists of, it is necessary to know its main characteristics, which we present below.

1. Provide information on a specific topic

A monograph has the function of providing specific information on a particular subject, be it scientific, humanistic, social or journalistic. To do this, you must select a focus of attention and a clear objective.

2. Clearly establish the boundaries of the investigation

In addition to stating what is proposed in a monograph, that is, its scope, its limits must also be declared. In order to fulfill the objective of developing a specific topic, every monograph must establish research limits, for which it must select a corpus and a theoretical or referential framework adjusted to the needs of the project.

3. The methodological design adapts to its objective and its use

Depending on the use that the monograph will have, its methodological design must be adapted. For example, if it is for the school, journalistic, scientific or general interest environment.

4. Can be adjusted to different modalities or types

A monograph can be adjusted to different modalities or types. Among them, the following stand out:

  • Experiences analysis monograph: those aimed at developing experiments or experiences from which certain conclusions are drawn.
  • Research monograph: are those that seek to provide information on issues or topics that require further exploration or deepening.
  • Compilation monograph: are those that compile and analyze the information available on a topic to build an interpretation.

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5. Complies with a basic structure

Monographs must comply with a basic structure. Although there may be variants, monographs usually have the following elements:

  • Cover: in this the main data are exposed, such as institution, title of the work, name of its author, date and place of presentation.
  • Index: this should give an account of the structure of the work and the number of pages.
  • Introduction: the introduction explains the objectives, the method and the justification of the monograph.
  • Body of work: corresponds to the development of the topic according to the needs of the investigation.
  • Conclusions: collects the relevant information obtained throughout the investigation.
  • Appendices or annexes: are all additional materials that help to better understand the subject.
  • Reference sources: refers to the bibliography, hemerography, interviews or other sources on which the work has been based. It should be arranged alphabetically.

6. Respect for the sources consulted

Each monographic work is based on consultation sources. Therefore, credit must always be given to the author of an idea presented and refer to the source from which it was taken, regardless of whether it is a literal quote or a paraphrase.

7. Its extension is variable

The length of a monograph depends on the type or modality being addressed, its limits and scope, and the number of sources consulted and referred to.

8. Exposure must be clear

A monograph must respond to the needs of the research in a clear and concise way, since it is not a work of theorizing or speculation.

9. Deprives objectivity

Unlike the essay, the monograph aims to provide information objectively, leaving out the personal opinion of the subject.

10. It must start from an impartial analysis

The investigator must beware of making value judgments. This means that you must try to be impartial in the analysis of the information summarized and analyzed, regardless of the framework of your ideological beliefs or your personal attachments.

11. Stages for the elaboration of a monograph

To prepare a monograph, the following steps must be met:

  • choice of topic;
  • arching of sources;
  • choice of methodology;
  • development of a tentative index;
  • design of a work plan;
  • final writing;
  • ortho-typographic correction.

12. Must comply with presentation rules

The monographs are academic works that are subject to a series of presentation norms, in addition to a methodology designed according to the area of ​​knowledge. An example of this is the APA standards, which have become the most widespread model in scientific research.

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