8 characteristics of feudalism
Feudalism was a system of political and social organization based on relationships between vassals and feudal lords. This system spread throughout Europe in the Middle Ages from the 4th to the 15th century.
During feudalism, political power was decentralized and obligations were distributed from the top to the nobility. As for the economic and social order, it was based on agricultural production, what was necessary was produced, work that was carried out by the slaves for the fiefdom.
See also Feudalism.
Next, the main characteristics of feudalism are as follows.
1. Distinction of social classes
During feudalism the social organization was divided into three main groups that had to follow the orders of the king.
- The nobility: it was made up of those who owned large tracts of land that they had earned as a result of their military and security work.
- The clergy: it was made up of representatives of the Catholic Church who were in charge of religious affairs and governing people's behavior.
- The serfs: it was the poorest social group where the managers, the peasants and all those who had to cultivate the land, raise animals and do handicraft work were grouped.
The king, for his part, was above these social groups.
The vassalage consisted of the relationship that was established between a free man "vassal", and another free man "noble", based on a reciprocal commitment of obedience and service on the part of the vassal, and the obligations of protection and maintenance on the part of the nobleman. .
Consequently, as a form of payment the nobles ceded a portion of their territories to the vassals, which were called fiefdoms. These lands were worked and put to produce in a compulsory and free way by the serfs.
The purpose of the fiefdoms was to consolidate a close relationship or bond between the vassal and his lord.
Therefore, a feudal lord could have as many vassals as he wanted according to the extensions of his lands and, even, have more power than the king.