Meaning of City
What is City:
A city is an urban complex, made up of a large number of buildings and complex road systems, with a very large and dense population, whose main economic activities are associated with industry and services. The word, as such, comes from Latin civĭtas, civitātis.
The city, in this sense, is the urban development that enjoys the greatest importance in relation to towns, villages, hamlets, towns and hamlets, which are comparatively smaller population centers and with fewer inhabitants.
The criteria for considering an urban settlement as a city vary from country to country. However, the factors that are usually addressed are the number of inhabitants (large), population density (high), the type of predominant economic activities (non-agricultural), and their political, economic and geostrategic importance.
On the other hand, the concept of the city can also be understood in political-administrative terms, as an urban axis that is submitted to the government of a mayor or city hall.
The great cities of the world are usually organized under a metropolitan scheme, where, around an urban nucleus, a series of urban dependencies that have been developed in their adjacencies are economically and administratively articulated. This type of urban organization is called a metropolitan area. Some of the largest metropolitan areas in Latin America are Mexico City, São Paulo, in Brazil; Buenos Aires, in Argentina or Bogotá, in Colombia.
Latin American cities have the characteristic that they evolved from the colonial population settlements founded by the Spanish during the period of the conquest.