Meaning of Citizen
What is Citizen:
Citizen is an adjective that can designate that which belongs to or is related to the city or the citizens. Likewise, as a citizen, a person who is an inhabitant or native of a city can be considered. The word, in this sense, is derived from Latin civĭtas, civitātis, which means ‘city’, and is composed with the suffix “-ano”, which indicates belonging or origin.
As a noun, citizen is a word used to designate a person who was born in a place (a town, a city, a country) and who, by virtue of this, is a member of an organized community. In this sense, a citizen is part of a State and, therefore, the holder of rights and duties subject to its laws.
In the ancient world, mainly in the civil system of Ancient Greece, as a citizen only a very reserved category of people could be considered. As such, for an individual to be recognized as a citizen of a state he had to meet a set of conditions, such as freedom, a certain level of wealth, social position, etc. In this sense, women, foreigners, and slaves were outside of this category.
The most important turning point in the history of humanity regarding the right to citizenship was the Declaration of the Rights of Man, the work of the French Revolution, according to which all men were born free and equal.
Today the concept of citizen has been broadened, and includes all natural persons of a country or region, or those who have developed a certain level of identity and belonging to the place where they operate on a daily basis and have legally accessed citizenship. For its part, the European Council considers a citizen to be a person who basically coexists in a society.