Meaning of Cognition

What is Cognition:

Cognition is defined as the action and effect of knowing. The word comes from Latin cognitio which in turn is made up of the particles with, which means "together" or "all", and gnōscō or gnōscere, which means "to know" or "to have notion".

Thus, cognition is a faculty of the living being that allows it to record and interpret the information it receives through experience, perception and subjectivity.

The process of cognition involves the use of mental skills such as attention, memory, feelings, reasoning, the ability to solve problems, decision-making and, finally, learning.

The use of the term cognition is very recurrent in disciplines such as psychology, neurology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology and information science. The latter implies that today there is theorizing about the possibility of carrying out cognitive processes by non-human entities.

See also:

  • Knowledge.
  • Cognitivism.

Cognition according to psychology

For psychology, cognition is a complex process in which different stages are fulfilled:

  1. Perception: it is related to the capture of external and internal stimuli through the senses.
  2. Attention: process in which the entity focuses its mental abilities on the information it is receiving.
  3. Learning and memory: the first involves the acquisition of new knowledge or the modification and extension of previous knowledge, while the second involves the ability to store, encode and retrieve that information.
  4. Language: be it oral, written or gestural, it allows the communication of acquired knowledge.
  5. Emotion: its processes are similar to "rational" cognition.
  6. Reasoning and problem solving: reasoning allows you to evaluate the information obtained and facilitates the identification of solutions.
  7. Metacognition: referring to the awareness that the subject develops about their own learning.

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