Meaning of Cognitivism
What is Cognitivism:
Cognitivism, in psychology, is a theoretical approach that aims to understand the way the mind thinks and learns.
The word, as such, is derived from the adjective cognitive, which refers to everything belonging to or related to knowledge, and is formed with the suffix -ism, which means "system" or "school".
In this sense, cognitivism is characterized by its search to understand how the human mind interprets, processes and stores information.
Cognitivism arises in opposition to behaviorism, a behaviorist theory that focuses on behavior as a subject of study, and that focuses on understanding the way in which the mind works and reacts to stimuli.
Cognitivists, on the other hand, consider that the way in which people think influences their behavior, and they deny the behaviorist conception that thought processes are a behavior in itself.
Thus, cognitivists focus on thought, its functions, processes, and the way the mind solves complex tasks.
See also Cognitive paradigm.
For this they use quantitative and scientific methods to understand the functions of the mind and create models and diagrams that show and explain how information processing occurs.
Cognitivism is also applied by various disciplines, such as computing, linguistics, education or pedagogy, which share an interest in understanding the way in which information is processed.
Hence, over time, cognitive theory has incorporated notions of systems, information and robotics theory.