Electra Complex Meaning

What is Electra Complex:

The Electra complex is mentioned by psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) to criticize Sigmund Freud for the lack of a female counterpart to his theory on the Oedipus complex.

The Electra complex was mentioned for the first time in 1913, as a complement to define the psychosexual development of children suggested by the psychiatrist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939).The latter defined the Oedipus complex as the universal paradigm of human sexual and psychological development.

Freud uses the elements of parricide, incest, and repression from the Greek myth of Oedipus to define the Oedipus complex. Freud defines that the complex manifests as the first sexual impulse towards the mother and the first passionate hatred towards the father.

Freud does not accept the existence or the suggestion of the Electra complex. It alludes that the female version is called the female Oedipus complex, the desire for the father being a reflection of the "penis envy" suffered by women.

The Oedipus complex was coined by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) in 1900 in his work The interpretation of dreams (The interpretation of dreams) and meant a revolution for the psychoanalysis of the time.

See also Oedipus Complex.

The myth of Electra

The Electra complex is based on Greek mythology that recounts the bravery, violence, intelligence and cruelty with which Electra plots and murders her mother Clytemnesta to avenge her beloved father Agamemnon.

According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon and Clytemnesta had three children: Iphigenia, Electra, and Orestes. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and forced Clytemnesta, daughter of the kings of Sparta, to be his wife after having killed her husband. Climnesta was Helena's sister, who was married to Agamemnon's brother.

When Helen is kidnapped by Prince Paris, Agamemnon heads to Troy unleashing what is known as the Trojan War to help his brother Menelaus regain his wife. But before leaving, the king of Mycenae sacrifices his daughter Iphigenia for having unleashed the fury of Artemis.

Meanwhile, with the departure of Agamemnon, Clytemnesta takes Egisto as her lover, who helps her with her plan of revenge against her husband. When Agamemnon returns to Mycenae, Clytemnesta murders him while taking a bath. Electra and Orestes flee seeking refuge in Athens.

Clytemnesta and Egisto reign Mycenae for seven years until Orestes murders his mother to avenge his father's death, under the direction of Electra and the god Apollo.

See also Trojan Horse.

The myth of Oedipus

The Oedipus complex is based on the Greek myth where the Delphic oracle warns Laius and Jocasta that the son they will have will kill his father and marry his mother. The couple sends to sacrifice their first-born son who was hung by his pierced feet to die slowly. He was rescued by a shepherd who called the boy Oedipus: "the one with the swollen feet."

As time passes, Oedipus unknowingly fulfills the oracle's predictions, killing his father Laius and marrying his mother Jocasta.

The story of Oedipus is found in the play King Oedipus written by Sophocles.

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