Meaning of Congruence
What is Congruence:
Congruence is the convenience, coherence or logical relationship that is established between different things. The word, as such, comes from Latin congruent.
Congruence can be seen in the coherence relationship between a person's actions and what he preaches.
There is congruence, for example, between someone who says that it is important to love and respect the elderly and in fact treat their parents and grandparents well.
Synonyms for congruence are convenience, coherence, logic, correspondence, concordance or consonance. Antonyms are, instead, incongruity, disagreement or inconsistency.
In English, congruence translates congruence. For instance: "In congruence with our commitment to produce as many products as possible here in the United States, Hygieia technology has been developed and manufactured here in the Homeland”(Consistent with our commitment to produce as many products as possible here in the United States, Hygieia technology has been developed and manufactured here in the homeland).
See also Consistency.
Congruence in law
In law, consistency is a procedural principle that refers to the conformity between what is requested or alleged by the parties during the trial, and the decision contained in the judge's ruling.
This means the judge cannot initiate the process ex officio, nor consider facts or evidence that have not been exposed by either party. Thus, the judge should only limit himself to the petitioner in the lawsuit.
The opposite, an incongruous sentence, is considered arbitrary, since it pronounces on points not alleged, or incurs in omission, when it avoids referring to any of the exposed matters.
Congruence in geometry
In geometry, we speak of congruence when two figures have equal sides and the same size, regardless of whether their position or orientation is different. For example, if two triangles have the same shape and size, they are said to be congruent.
Congruence in mathematics
In mathematics, it is said that there is congruence when a pair of whole numbers, when divided by a third natural number, known as a modulus, produces the same remainder.