Meaning of Corruption

What is Corruption:

Corruption is the action and effect of corrupting, that is, it is the process of deliberately breaking the order of the system, both ethically and functionally, for personal gain. In addition to the corrupt person committing an illegal action, he also pressures or forces others to commit such acts.

The word corruption comes from Latin corruptio, which is formed from the words with, which means 'together', rumpere, which means ‘break’ and the suffix -io, which means action and effect.

Corruption is usually related in the popular imagination with the world of politics and illicit enrichment, that is, with money, but not only with that. Corruption applies to many instances. Therefore, there is political corruption, economic corruption, sexual corruption, etc. This is because the two major trading factors that mobilize corruption are often money, power, and sex.

In one way or another, corruption is usually framed in power relations between subjects, be it on a micro or macro scale, be it private or public.

Power relations are not limited to the world of politics. All social spheres where there are hierarchies and / or resources, such as companies, companies, public entities, educational centers or religious meeting centers, can be the occasion for acts of corruption.

This means that there can be corruption both at the level of great politics, and in the small primary school, as long as there is someone who controls the situation of power or who tries to control it.

See also

  • Antivalues.
  • Money laundering.
  • Lobby.

Forms or types of corruption

In each country, the law clearly defines the forms of corruption and establishes specific penalties for each according to the degree. Even so, there may be other forms of corruption that are not contemplated in it, but that are considered forms of corruption according to the ethical system of a certain worldview.

Among the forms of corruption normally defined in legal documents, we have:

  • Bribery: offering money in exchange for some benefit, such as avoiding a fine, getting a grade on an exam, getting a tender, etc.
  • Diversion of resources: it consists of diverting a part of the resources destined for a project of common interest to personal ends.
  • Illicit or hidden enrichment: sudden enrichment through the removal of other people's resources, especially public ones.
  • Abuse of power: taking advantage of the eventual situation of power that a role offers to obtain a benefit from someone.
  • Abuse of functions: taking advantage of one's position and authority to commit abusive acts.
  • Influence peddling: using personal relationships, close or not, to obtain perks.
  • Collusion: making a pact with a third party to take advantage of a certain situation.
  • Conspiracy to commit crimes of corruption: refers to the gathering of accomplices for the planning and organization of crimes for corruption.
  • Obstruction of justice: opposing the due process of investigation of justice entities to protect oneself or others.
  • Nepotism: appointment of relatives in political positions.
  • Illegal use of confidential or false information: manipulation of the information for personal gain.

Other forms of corruption can be:

  • Buy pirated merchandise;
  • Steal public services;
  • Use the savings or severance fund in matters other than those stipulated;
  • Avoid taxes, etc.

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