Meaning of Cosmogony
What is Cosmogony:
Cosmogony is a mythological narrative on which it is intended to establish the origin of the world, the human being and the universe.
Cosmogony also refers to science and theories that try to explain the origin and evolution of the universe.
Cosmogony is a word that derives from the Greek κοσμογονία kosmogony, formed by kosmos which means "world" and gígnomai which means "to be born."
Cosmogony offers by means of a story an explanation about the creation and development of the world, the universe and the first human beings and animals, with the intention of being able to establish a reality conceived under a physical, symbolic and religious order.
In general, these stories describe a principle of the cosmos with great disorder, which is overcome thanks to the connection of various supernatural elements that slowly shape the cosmos and are dominated by the forces exerted by the gods.
Cosmogony is part of a large number of cultures. These stories have been passed down through the generations as man's cultural heritage, thanks to the need that human beings have to know the origin of everything that surrounds them and of themselves.
For this reason, they are accounts of very old dates, which responds to the fact that they were created by the first great civilizations such as the Greek, Egyptian, Sumerian, Nordic and Amerindian.
For example, for Christians the book of Genesis, in the Bible, is a cosmogonic account that describes how the universe was created under the power and word of God.
See also Mythology.
The Popol Vuh It is the book that recounts the cosmogony according to the Mayans and was one of the few stories rescued during the Spanish colonization in Mayan territory.
In the Popol Vuh The Mayans relate, through various metaphors, how was the beginning of the universe, how the world was built and how was the creation of man after several failures, until man came from corn, a grain that was considered a sacred food .
See also Mayan culture.
The Aztec cosmogony is made up of various stories about the creation of the universe and of man.
However, the best known version narrates that the supreme god Ometeotl, the god of fire, was the creator of four other gods that represented water, air, earth and fire, as well as thousands of other divinities. This was possible because Ometeotl was an androgynous god, that is, he had male and female duality.
The four gods mentioned were in charge of maintaining the balance of the world so that the Sun could exist. However, if the balance was lost, both the world, men and the Sun disappeared.
See also Aztecs.
The Greek cosmogony states that the origin of the world was in chaos and disorder until the strong and violent divine forces of the gods acted. Part of this vision is set forth in the Theogony of Hesiod.
According to Greek accounts, from chaos was born Gaia (Earth), and from her was born Uranus (heaven). Then, from Gea and Uranus, the titans were born, including Rhea, Cronos, Themis, Tethys, among others.