Meaning of organized crime
What is Organized Crime:
Organized crime, also called organized crime, is any organization made up of a group of people with certain hierarchies, roles and functions, whose main objective is to obtain material or economic benefits by committing crimes.
We speak of an “organized” crime due to the fact that it is precisely a society or association created specifically for the purpose of carrying out, in a concerted and directed manner, criminal actions to achieve economic, political or social power.
Organized crime can present levels of structure and complexity in its operations similar to those of a company. Thanks to this, it is able to circumvent government control and create effective criminal networks both locally and globally, with international ties, which is known as transnational organized crime.
Organized crime is usually made up of individuals linked to or close to power groups, which is why their heads manage to avoid falling into the hands of justice.
Among the most common crimes perpetrated by organized crime are human trafficking, arms and drug trafficking, counterfeiting, money laundering, kidnapping, murder and extortion, among others.
In places where they impose their criminal dominance, they tend to implement monopoly or oligopolistic regimes, depending on the nature of the market.
Some examples of organized crime are the Italian mafias in the United States of the first third of the 20th century, with Al Capone being the most visible case, or the Colombian and Mexican drug cartels, whose activity could be located mainly between the end of the last century. and the beginning of the current one.
See also Poster.
The police body in charge of combating this type of crime with its specificities is Interpol, which has offices in more than 190 countries around the world.
For its part, the United Nations (UN), in order to promote cooperation mechanisms to combat organized crime at the international level, adopted in 2000, in Palermo, Italy, the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.