Meaning of Crisis
What is Crisis:
Crisis is a negative change, a complicated, difficult and unstable situation during a process. In some cases it also refers to a situation of famine and / or scarcity.
The word crisis comes from Latin crisis, which derives from the Greek κρίσις.
The plural form of this word does not change. We can say, for example, “Juan had a nervous breakdown”, as well as “Juan has had several nervous breakdowns”.
Synonyms of crisis we can find the words: adversity, rupture, problem and disorder.
A crisis situation can refer to all areas such as, for example, economic crises of the economy, political crises of politics, existential crises of the human being, energy crises of the environment or social crises of society.
An economic crisis is a negative period or situation of the economy in which there is a substantial worsening of the economic variables.
Depending on the intensity and duration of an economic crisis, other terms such as slowdown, recession, and depression are sometimes used.
An economic crisis can affect supply, demand, or both. When an economic crisis with monetary and banking issues is known as a financial economic crisis or simply financial crisis.
The concept of cyclical economic crisis derives from Marxist theories and refers to a cyclical period of the capitalist economic system.
See also Economic crisis.
Crisis of 1929
The 1929 Crisis or The Great Depression is a period of great economic instability characterized by a deep economic recession that originated in the United States and had international consequences.
The consequences of the 1929 Crisis reached productivity, consumption and trade, among others.
In a political crisis, the conjuncture of a certain moment in a country can generate bankruptcies and disorder in the political sphere that, in turn, will affect its citizens. A clear example of this situation is the crisis in Venezuela unleashed in 2017, where the shortage of food and medicine for the population is a reflection of this unstable situation.
See also Political crisis.
The Missile Crisis is the name given to the conflict produced during the Cold War between Cuba, the Soviet Union and the United States. It is also called the October Crisis (in Cuba) and the Caribbean Crisis (in Russia).
It is usually located during October 1962 around the existence of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuban territory.
In the health area, a crisis is a sudden and relevant change in the course of an illness or in the state of health.
The concept of seizure refers to a discharge from a group of neurons located in the cerebral cortex. It is a symptom of a neurological disorder or dysfunction.
The causes of a seizure are varied and when two or more occur they are usually considered epileptic seizures.
Existential crisis in psychology
In psychology, existential crises, or also called evolutionary crises by the psychoanalyst Erik Erikson (1902-1994), are those that all individuals go through in their lives and constitute an important part of personal evolution or growth.
Existential crises are framed within the Theory of crisis defined by the school of psychoanalysis. The psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) by establishing situations in which there is a relationship between physical manifestations with the emotional biography of the individual, opens the debate on the periods where he is more prone to the formulation of questions, doubts and problems about the human existence.
See also Existential crisis.
Types of crisis
In psychology, two types of crises are distinguished: circumstantial crises and evolutionary crises.
Circumstantial crises are those that the individual is confronted by unpredictable situations that are usually easier to overcome. Existential crises, on the other hand, are situations that each person expects to go through as part of their personal growth.
Existential crisis in philosophy
The literary movement or school of existentialism is based on the existential crises that all individuals go through to explore the problems and questions about human existence that arise in those moments. Its greatest exponents are Friedrich Nietzsche, in the field of philosophy and literature, Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
See also Existentialism.
An environmental crisis is a situation that seriously affects the environment. The water crisis, for example, is a type of environmental or environmental crisis. To this extent, some of the problems it generates is the scarcity of water and one of its solutions is the implementation of better infrastructures and promoting a culture of saving and caring for this vital asset.