Meaning of Chronology
What is Chronology:
As chronology, the auxiliary discipline of History is called, which is responsible for determining the order and dates of historical events. The word comes from the Greek χρονολογία (chronology), which is made up of the roots χρόνος (chrónos), which means ‘time’, and λόγος (logos), which translates ‘study’ or ‘science’.
The need for the discipline of chronology for the study of history lies in the variety of dating systems that different civilizations and societies developed throughout history. From there arises the need to establish a universal chronology that allows historical events and events to be located in a time line for their study and understanding.
The two most important dating systems of our civilization have been the Julian calendar, of Roman origin, and the Gregorian calendar, in force to this day, which is Christian.
Chronology, in this sense, is based on the principle that all events are related to each other, therefore, by ordering them, we can better understand their evolution.
A chronology also serves as a tool to relate events in an orderly manner, in the order in which the events occurred: "The article must be published accompanied by a chronology of the events."
As a chronology, on the other hand, it is also called the successive series of historical people or events that are ordered by date: "We are preparing a chronology of the life of James Joyce."
Relative and absolute chronology
In Archeology, as a relative chronology, the procedure is called by means of which the anteriority or posteriority of an object or culture in relation to another can be established. As such, it allows you to sort your findings in sequence. For its part, the absolute chronology is one that allows setting the exact date of manufacture or use of an object according to a universal chronological system.