Meaning of Curriculum
What is Curriculum:
Is used resume to refer to the set of knowledge and experiences, work and academic, that an individual possesses, in which case it is called Curriculum vitae, which should be written without accents and in italics, as advised by the new Spelling of the Spanish language of the Royal Spanish Academy, because it is a Latinism.
The word curriculum comes from Latin resume, which literally means 'little race'. Its plural, in Latin, is curriculum. On the other hand, the Castilianized use of the word “curriculum” is recommended, and therefore its plural “curricula”.
The curriculum is also designated as the study plan or program followed by an educational institution, be it a school or university, to structure and base the content, techniques and methodologies used during the teaching process.
What Curriculum vitae (Latin phrase that means 'career of life', which is also usually used abbreviated: CV or CV), the document that collects the information of a personal nature (biographical data, residence), educational and training (academic, professional) and work (experience, skills and knowledge), that an individual has acquired throughout his life, with the aim of serving as a presentation or requirement to apply for a job.
How to do an Curriculum vitae
The most immediate objective of a Curriculum vitae is to achieve a job interview, which is why it is suggested that its writing be formal and as simplified and pertinent as possible, in order to arouse the interest of the employer. There are two models of curriculum:
- Curriculum vitae European model or Europass model: It is a C.V. used standard whose format is freely available on-line. Define professional competencies, work experiences, skills and languages spoken. It's a Curriculum vitae more formal where the levels of knowledge of the competencies described are self-assessed.
- Curriculum vitae American / Canadian model or Summarizes: It is also called a "summary resume", that is, it should not be more than two pages long. The most important characteristic of a resume is that it is always accompanied by a cover letter or motivation letter (cover letter). This personalizes the information submitted by the candidate to the company, emphasizing soft skills and why they are applying to the company. It does not have a specific format, therefore the organization of the information can be done chronologically or functionally.
To create a Curriculum vitae or summarizes the following elements must be taken into account:
- The title: Name, profession and experience.
- Personal data: Where they can locate you. Generally, your email address, cell number and a professional page are indicated if it is used as the platform. Linkedin.
- Objective: Why are you running and why you should be chosen.
- Professional experience: It can be chronological or functional.
- Academic Preparation: Generally, the most recent is described to the oldest.
- Languages: You must specify the level that is spoken and written (low, medium or high level).
- Skills: other special skills such as handling office, etc.
To create a Curriculum vitae Without experience, it is recommended to focus the effort on creating a cover letter or motivation letter specifying why it is a good option for the company, the motivation that leads to wanting to belong to said company and the added values of the person to the job.
Curriculum in Education
In the area of Education, as a curriculum we call the concept under which the programs or study plans of an educational institution are developed, to structure, base, determine and project the contents, materials, objectives, techniques and methodologies to be implemented in the teaching-learning process, as well as the way in which they will be evaluated, all within the framework of the pedagogical philosophy adopted by the institution in question, and aimed at the training and education of a type of social individual, with certain knowledge and values instilled.
In this sense, the curriculum formally collects all aspects related to the educational process and answers the following questions: how, when and what to teach? How and when to teach it? And how, when and what to evaluate? For this reason, it is said that the curriculum works as a pedagogical regulation tool, in addition to being closely linked to the cultural, social and political context.
The hidden or implicit curriculum is a concept that arises as a counterpart to the official or explicit curriculum, and refers to all those learning that does not appear formally in the school curriculum, but is part of the rules, customs, beliefs, practices and languages that they arise spontaneously in the social relationships that are established within the educational institution. The hidden curriculum is transmitted implicitly, since it is not written or formalized, and it reproduces the values, behaviors and attitudes of the social and cultural environment where we live. In this sense, it manifests itself in the structure and operation of the educational institution, and, as such, it constitutes a very important and very effective part of the learning process.