Meaning of Darwinism
What is Darwinism:
Darwinism is a concept used to apply, in a generalized way, the theory of natural selection of species, authored by Charles Darwin, in order to justify phenomena of the evolution of different societies.
Darwinism is a term associated mainly with anthropology, in which Darwin's theory of the evolution of species was used by the Englishman Herbert Spencer to support his now obsolete theory of social evolutionism.
In this sense, Darwinism is not restricted only to the natural sciences, the area in which the work is included. The origin of species, published in 1859 by Charles Darwin.
In this study Darwin indicates, in summary, that the perpetual evolution of species arises thanks to the natural selection of the most adapted and their inheritance, creating new species with common ancestors.
Today, the term Darwinism is used as a critique of the evolution of social aspects as, for example, in the terms Digital Darwinism or Social Darwinism.
Darwinism is also known as social evolutionism or social Darwinism. As such, it set out to explain the evolution of societies from the premise of the survival of the strongest and the superiority of certain civilizations. This theory justified social and political dominations such as colonialism and the holocaust.
The term social Darwinism is known thanks to the Englishman Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) who founded the first anthropological theory of the evolution of societies.
Spencer, in his work Synthetic philosophy, explains that social evolutionism works in a similar way to natural selection in the theory of the evolution of species by Charles Darwin (1809-1882), therefore, societies develop according to a universal order of cultural evolution divided into savagery , barbarism and civilization.
Characteristics of Darwinism
Social Darwinism is also known as social evolutionism and indicates ethnocentric ideas such as, for example, the superiority of Western civilization for its technological sophistication and for following the true religion: Christianity.
Despite the fact that social evolutionism (or social Darwinism) is considered an obsolete theory, today the term is used to indicate how politics and economics justify social changes and decisions with the same types of speculative and ethnocentric arguments.
An example of social Darwinism is the phenomenon of gentrification, which modifies the city for those who do not live in it.
See Social Darwinism.
Neo-Darwinism is the update of Darwin's theory, which adds to the mechanism of natural selection of the species, the modification of the descendants due to the genes that define the evolution of the species.
Neo-Darwinism is a theory of the biological evolution of species that integrates Charles Darwin's theory of species with modern genetics determined by Mendel's three laws of 1866, which serves as the basis for studies on transmission by inheritance.