Meaning of Deforestation

What is Deforestation:

Deforestation is called the action and effect of deforesting. Deforesting, as such, refers to the action of stripping a piece of land of its trees and plants. The word comes from French deforestation, and this in turn comes from English deforestation.

Deforestation is a process caused by human action on the environment. The main causes that motivate deforestation are the use of the forest resource for the timber industry, the clearing of important portions of land for agriculture and livestock, as well as the mining industry.

In this sense, the consequences of deforestation are diverse, such as:

  • affect the ecological balance of the place and the forms of life of the species that inhabit there,
  • lead to land degradation as a result of soil erosion,
  • can cause modification of weather patterns,
  • as well as contributing to global warming, among other things.

See also Global warming.

The most obvious and immediate consequence of deforestation is the reduction of the trees and plants that populate a land. This means, for animals, an abrupt modification of their habitat and the resources they have to survive, at the same time that the capacity of the processes of absorption of carbon dioxide and its subsequent transformation into oxygen by the animals is reduced. plants, which implies more gases in the atmosphere that produce greenhouse effect and, therefore, increase in global temperatures.

See also Greenhouse effect.

For man, indiscriminate deforestation results in the accelerated depletion of forest resources, ecological imbalance, changes in the frequency and intensity of rainfall, as well as a gradual loss of the planet's biodiversity, and the forced displacement of indigenous communities from their regions of origin.

See also Biodiversity.

Deforestation is the result of irresponsible management of environmental resources and lax laws on environmental care and sustainable development, as well as simple ignorance and lack of awareness regarding the value of forest resources.

See also Sustainable development.

Deforestation has increased especially in the last three centuries. The regions currently most affected by uncontrolled deforestation are precisely the largest reserves of natural resources and biodiversity on the planet: Latin America, Africa and Asia.

In Latin America, the situation is particularly serious in countries with large territories covered by tropical forests such as Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Mexico.

Deforestation and reforestation

The reverse process of deforestation is reforestation. As reforestation, the action and effect of repopulating a land by planting plants and trees is known. Reforesting, in this sense, is a necessary measure to mitigate the environmental impact of deforestation and reverse the possible damage caused to a habitat, as well as to avoid desertification of the soils.

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