What is Development:
Development means growth, increase, reinforcement, progress, unfolding or evolution of something. It designates the action and effect of developing or developing. The concept of development refers to an unfolding process, whether it is a matter of a physical, moral or intellectual order, for which it can apply to a task, a person, a society, a country or anything else.
The word development is derived from the verb "develop", which is made up of the prefix "des-", which denotes negation or inversion of the action, and "roll over", from the Latin I will sign, derived from rotŭlus, which translates 'roller'. In this sense, develop is a derivation of unwind, and can mean unwrap, extend, or extend.
We can speak of development when we refer to the execution of a task or the realization of an idea. For example, the development of a project, a training, a contest or any type of activity.
As a development we also call the broad and detailed explanation of a subject or topic, both orally and in writing. For example, "The development of my endogenous tourism concept got good marks."
In the area of mathematical calculation, development refers to the set of operations that must be done to obtain and explain a result.
In journalism, reference is often made to the “course of events,” that is, to the sequence of events that make up a news event.
See also Growth.
The word development has many applications. However, it can be said that its general characteristics are the following:
- It is a universal phenomenon, that is, it is typical of all physical (biological), moral, intellectual or social reality.
- It is a continuous and diachronic process.
- It implies growth, increase or reinforcement of a certain issue or process, whether in a positive direction or not.
- It unfolds through stages, each of which involves various transformations and stages of maturation.
In biology, development refers to the progressive evolution of the different life stages of an organism, whether it is a unicellular or multicellular organism, such as animals and plants. It is, therefore, a concept of universal application (to all living beings).
In the case of human beings, biological development ranges from fertilization to the period of senescence, that is, until aging.
Stages of biological development in humans
The biological development of human beings comprises the following stages, each of which has its own subdivisions:
- Prenatal: covers from fertilization to birth. It corresponds to embryonic development, that is, to the different stages of development of the embryo during gestation, which involve fertilization, segmentation and implantation and progressive evolution week by week.
- Childhood: ranges from birth to approximately 11 years of age. It is the stage of growth and social learning.
- Adolescence: from 12 to 17 years of age approximately. It corresponds to the stage of puberty.
- Adulthood: ranges from 18 to 50 years approximately. It occurs when the person reaches the fullness of his physical and mental development.
- Elderly, old age or third age: it covers approximately from 50 years onwards. It corresponds to the aging period of the organism.
A very specific meaning is that which refers as development to the stage in which prepubertal children become pubescent or adolescents. It implies the appearance and development of the reproductive capacities of the human being. For example: "My children María and José have already developed." This change is accompanied by alterations in emotions and behavior.
Economic development refers to the continuous and sustained growth of the capacity of a country or region to generate wealth, as well as to maintain and increase its financial capital, all of which translates into the possibility of offering its citizens optimal levels of prosperity and welfare.
The nations of the world, in general, pursue economic development as the first objective towards an integral development (human, social) of their countries, for which, of course, it is essential to have a strong and prosperous economy as a base. Otherwise, we would be talking about underdeveloped countries.
See also Underdevelopment.
As social development we designate that focused on the evolution and improvement of living conditions and relationships between individuals, groups and institutions that make up the social fabric of a nation.
As such, it includes aspects such as health, education, housing, social security, employment, and the reduction of the levels of poverty and inequality.
In this sense, social development is the next step to economic and human development, since its ultimate goal is social well-being.
See also Social development.
Sustainable development or sustainable development
Sustainable development also refers to economic development, but emphasizes the responsible, effective and efficient administration of natural resources, through a series of ecological economic policies.
The purpose of sustainable development is to respond to the needs of current generations without threatening the quality of life and the future of future generations.
- Sustainable development.
- 10 examples of sustainable development in the world.
Human development is one that considers essential that the economic development of a nation has a positive impact on the quality of life of its inhabitants, offering them the possibility of developing their productive and creative potential to the maximum, having a satisfied life at the level of needs and interests, and enjoy the well-being, opportunities and freedom that its economic system offers.
In this sense, human development is the next step of economic development, and, as such, it pursues the well-being of the main good of a nation: its human capital.