Meaning of Description

What is Description:

A description is the action and effect of describing, that is, of explaining or representing in detail through language the characteristic features of an object, person, place, situation or event.

The description is intended to create in the listener or reader a mental image of the matter referred to in their absence. Grammatically, the word description is a feminine noun.

The descriptions can vary in type according to the function they have in the context of communication: scientific, literary, advertising, analytical, among others. There are different types of description, among which we will mention only the most common.

Description types

Objective description

It is a description in which the sender of the message tries to convey the image of what he describes in a precise way, without making value judgments and without allowing feelings to intervene.

In principle, it is assumed that an objective description will not omit any detail and will try to build a faithful portrait of what is represented, without ranking the elements.

It is commonly used in different scientific disciplines to explain the most diverse phenomena and concepts.

Subjective description

It is called subjective description to those verbal representations of people, things or situations in which the sender of the message hierarchizes the importance of the features, with the purpose of expressing how he feels in front of them or to achieve an emotional effect on the receiver of the message. .

In subjective description, the issuer deliberately assumes a point of view, which allows him to omit or exacerbate those features that favor the effect by looking for his audience. In this case, the subjective description may include value judgments. This type of description is very common in literary genres such as poetry.

Description in literature

The literary description is a widely used resource in literature, especially in narrative genres such as the novel and the short story.

The term also refers to the detailed explanation of the elements that characterize a character, a location, an object or an event, but this explanation has an aesthetic purpose.

For this reason, the inclusion of resources such as metaphors, symbols and different rhetorical figures that allow us to imagine or visualize a certain element is very typical of literary description in order to capture it vividly. Example:

See also literary figures.

Furthermore, any literary description favors the perception of plausibility in the context of reading. This means that it allows those things discussed by the narrator to appear "credible" in the eyes of the reader. Indeed, a literary description can be more intelligible, clear, credible or understandable to a reader than an objective description.

But also the literary descriptions seek, in themselves, to achieve effects of aesthetic pleasure in the reader. Example:

Geometric description

Geometric description is called the techniques that allow representing three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. This allows the receiver of the message to make a mental image of the three-dimensional objects in space.

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