Meaning of Despotism
What is Despotism:
As despotism is called the authority that someone exercises in an absolute and arbitrary way, without any limitation by the laws or other powers.
In this sense, despotism constitutes an abuse of power or force in dealing with other people. In despotism, power is above reason, which means that the will of the ruler is above the law.
He who exercises despotism is a despot, who is a person who abuses his authority to impose his will on others.
Despotisms are typical of totalitarian, dictatorial, absolutist or tyrannical systems. In this sense, democracy is contrary to despotism.
See also Dictatorship.
It was known by the name of enlightened despotism, benevolent despotism or enlightened absolutism, a form of despotism that emerged in the absolutist Europe of the eighteenth century, which was inspired by the ideals of the Enlightenment. It was characterized by promoting culture and developing important reforms and improvements in education, justice, agriculture and freedoms, among other things. Enlightenment despotism lasted until the 19th century, and was practiced both in Europe and in the nascent American republics.