Meaning of Dharma
What is Dharma:
The word dharma, also written as dharma, is of Sanskrit origin which means "law" or "reality." Dharma is a term that is used in various religions, especially of Vedic origin, such as: Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, and Sikhism, later adopted in spiritism.
The human being can choose how and in what way he wants to suffer the consequences for his actions, at this moment is where the dharma that characterizes the inner nature of the human being enters and recognizes that there is a Divine Law and moral principles that must be recognized and obeyed to achieve the path of perfection and happiness in this world, and in the next.
The individual who practices the dharma is characterized by doing good to others, developing happiness and universal brotherhood, as well as developing a behavior, thoughts and other mental practices that elevate the character of a Being, which leads him to obtain prosperity, happiness eternal and the total cessation of pain.
For its part, the word adharma is everything that causes discord, separation, and fosters hatred. In conclusion, the word adharma is the complete opposite of dharma.
Dharma and Karma
Every action is accompanied by a reaction, taking into account this principle it is concluded that if an individual behaves according to his religion and moral principles, its consequence will be positive, and that is why he can receive a reward in the present, that is what is known as dharma.
On the other hand, if the reactions of an action carried out by the individual are negative, we are in the presence of karma, and it will pay for it sooner or later.
Dharma in Buddhism
The dharma, known within Buddhism as one of the three jewels (peanuts) or Buddhism treasures, is characterized by the practice of the teachings of Buddhism that helps to eliminate suffering and obtain an inner peace or tranquility that allows the individual to achieve a quality of life.
The dharma (understood as doctrine) was divided into three sets, known as Tipitaka or Pali Canon, for a better understanding:
- Sutras, teachings of Buddha Siddharta Gautama.
- Vinaias, monastic rules directed by the Buddha himself.
- Abhidharma, comments by sages, of the two previous writings.
Dharma in Hinduism
The dharma in Hinduism constitutes any behavior or action that allows the individual to achieve happiness and satisfaction in his life. On the other hand, dharma is all conduct that allows the individual to be close to God.
The dharma chakra or wheel of dharma, is the symbol that represents the dharma in the religions of Vedic origin.
The dharma chakra is full of symbolism:
- The circle of the figure represents the perfection of the teaching of the dharma.
- The center means the discipline that comprises the practice of meditation.
- The ring that joins the spokes, symbolizes consciousness.
The dharma chakra is known as the oldest symbol of Buddhism found in Indian art. In Buddhism, this symbol encompasses all the teachings provided by the Buddha.
Finally, this symbol is part of the flag of India.