Meaning of military dictatorship
What is military dictatorship:
The type of authoritarian government that is established by using the armed forces and takes control of the executive, legal and legislative public institutions, to a lesser or greater extent, is called a military dictatorship.
A military dictatorship generally arises when the political, social and economic situation of a country is unstable and there is a military pronouncement or coup against the government in progress, in order to remove it and reestablish order.
Even, a military dictatorship can also originate after the participation of democratic elections in which the victorious citizen relates to various military leaders and gives them political power.
The military dictatorship is a type of government that seeks to impose again the stability of a country but, through a decree of a state of emergency or of exception which implies a series of violent actions, the loss of the guarantees of law and the restriction of civil liberties.
In this way, the military dictatorship suppresses the possibility of continuing with a type of democratic government and imposes itself against those citizens who do not support this situation.
However, military dictatorships are also usually overthrown after a period and for various reasons, among which the incentive of citizens to re-establish a democratic government that guarantees the rule of law prevails, which, in general, is not observed. as a consequence of the abuse of power exercised.
The military dictatorship is led by a dictator, a leader who receives support from the military institutions to stay in power in order to establish order, even if it is necessary to use the repression of opponents, incite terror or exceed the legal limits.
Examples of military dictatorships
Military dictatorships have been registered in different countries in Europe, Africa, Latin America or the Middle East. However, today few countries are dominated under a military dictatorship.
In Latin America, military dictatorships have marked the history of various nations throughout the 20th century, such as:
- Chile: dictatorship led by the military and politician Augusto Pinochet between 1973 and 1990.
- Argentina: dictatorship led by General Jorge Videla between 1976 and 1983.
- Paraguay: dictatorship led by the military and politician Alfredo Stroessner between 1954 and 1989.
- Bolivia: dictatorship led by the military and politician Hugo Banzer between 1971 and
- Peru: dictatorship led by the military and politician Juan Velasco Alvarado between 1968 and 1975.
- Venezuela: dictatorship led by General Marcos Pérez Jiménez between 1953 and 1958.