Meaning of Speech

What is Speech:

The speech is a premeditated oral narrative and expressed in solemn and massive acts, generally political, on a theme, thought, vision and / or conclusion in order to excite, inform or persuade the audience.

Speech comes from the Latin word speech which means ‘race from one place to another’ which in turn derives from “conversation” in the sense of ‘oral expression of reasoning’.

A speech can be delivered by anyone as long as it is indicated and approved by the public or the organizing entity.

A graduation speech, for example, is delivered by a student chosen to excite and define the end of an academic stage, and a thank you speech can be delivered by anyone who wants to publicly express their appreciation to another person or group.

Direct speech in linguistics refers to the way of writing the sentences expressed directly by the interlocutor that is expressed through the colon (:), between quotation marks (""), the hyphens (-) or speech bubbles as in the comic books. For instance:

  • Daniel: I go to the supermarket
  • "I go to the supermarket".
  • --I go to the supermarket.

Indirect speech in the present or in the past expresses what happens or happened in the third person. For example: Daniel goes to the supermarket or Daniel went to the supermarket.

The Discourse of the method, on the other hand, it is a book written in 1637 by René Descartes, origin of the famous phrase "I think, therefore I am".

Speech types

The types of speeches are divided into the character and function it has. Speeches are classified into 5 types or styles:

  • Narrative discourse: it has a literary structure composed of a beginning, a middle and an end. It is used in literary speeches and news speeches.
  • Expository speech: its objective is to expose and explain a concept, an idea or an opinion. It must be characterized by being clear, concise and objective. It is usually divided into: explanatory speech, descriptive speech, definition speech.
  • Argumentative speech: its purpose is to convince the public, through arguments, about a position, thesis or idea that you want to demonstrate.
  • Informative speech: it has the purpose of informing therefore it uses an indirect speech in the third person and is usually restricted to facts and not opinions. It is also called as referential discourse.
  • Advertising speech: its function is to sell a service or product. It is usually entertaining and dynamic.

Political discourse can be narrative (to move), expository (to explain political measures), argumentative (as defense or defense of political ideas), informative (inform about the political measures taken) or advertising (called in politics, demagoguery).

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