Meaning of Industrial Design
What is Industrial Design:
Industrial design is understood as the projection of everyday objects for their serial or industrial manufacture, which takes into account both the function and the aesthetics of the object. It is, therefore, a creative and utilitarian discipline, which requires the consideration of multiple factors.
Normally, industrial design must take into account the function and use that the final recipient will give the product, from which it projects its shape.
Other variables to consider in industrial design are related to materials, durability, cost of production and, even, the performance and socio-cultural impact of the product in a given social context.
Its scope of application is really wide. It covers prototype simulation, car design, machinery, household goods, furniture, everyday utilitarian objects, packaging, etc.
Example of automotive industrial design.
Industrial design as a profession
While the design of utilitarian objects is as old as the earliest evidence of human tools in history, the profession of the industrial designer is relatively recent. It is a consequence of the Industrial Revolution, which established a distance between the conceptualization of the idea and the construction of the object.
At first, the assumed point of view was absolutely functional. In the 19th century, movements like the arts & craft and the art nouveau, highlighted the need to return to aesthetic elements and try, in some way, to link industry and art.
But it will not be until the appearance of the Bauhaus in the first decades of the twentieth century that the profession of industrial design is really consolidated, differentiated from other areas of design, such as architectural design and graphic design.