Meaning of Dyslexia
What is Dyslexia:
Dyslexia is called the language difficulty that some people have in terms of fluency and comprehension of reading and pronunciation of certain words. That is, to decode words, problems to pronounce some letters and elaborate meanings, among others.
People who have been diagnosed with dyslexia are called dyslexic or dyslexic, as appropriate.
Consequently, dyslexia generates various learning difficulties, especially at an early age when children are learning to speak, read and write, even during the process of learning mathematical calculations.
In some cases, people often confuse dyslexia with some kind of visual problem, precisely because they tend, by mistake, to change the order of the letters in a word, of the words in a text, and of the numbers.
In the fields of psychology and psychiatry, it has been determined that dyslexia generates, mainly, difficulties for learning and development of reading and writing, but it is not related to or has to do with other types of physical, motor or sensory problems .
It should be mentioned that, although dyslexia affects language, it is not a difficulty that is related to the intelligence of individuals, in fact, through a specialized methodology and perseverance, reading, writing and language problems can be overcome .
Therefore, someone who is dyslexic can be as intelligent and competitive as anyone else.
Even researchers and specialists in the fields of neurology, psychiatry, and psychology have not been able to determine a true cause of dyslexia. However, it is known that it can have two possible origins:
- Dyslexia can be transmitted genetically, so there may be more than one dyslexic person in a family.
- Brain anatomy and activity in areas related to reading ability are different in dyslexic people.