Meaning of special education

What is Special Education:

Special education is that adapted for students with special educational needs, either due to outstanding abilities or due to having a sensory and / or mental disability with the aim of developing an equitable and inclusive education for all.

In a general aspect, special education is aimed at all those students who require special attention because it has characteristics outside the normal range and is divided into two large groups:

Special or differential education

Special education, special education, inclusive education or educational attention refers to the training designed for those students with some type of sensory disability (visual, auditory or motor) or mental deficiency (intellectual, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), problems with behavior, etc.)

See also education.

Special education for those with an intellectual disability is measured by the Stanford-Binet standards at 5 levels according to their IQ:

  • Limit of deficiency: CI 67 to CI 83
  • Mild deficiency: IQ 59 to IQ 66
  • Moderate deficiency: IQ 33 to IQ 49
  • Profound deficiency: IQ 16 to IQ 32

Special Education for Gifted Abilities

Special education for outstanding skills is that developed for students who excel in their intellectual, creative, social-affective, artistic, or psychomotor abilities.

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