Meaning of Eidetic

What is Eidetic:

Eideticism is typical of eidetism. Eidetic is according to the essence, ideas or related. In addition, the word eidetic can be used as an adjective in order to indicate a subject who has the ability to visualize situations or objects, it is common among children or adults with a certain degree of nervous excitement.

The eidetic term is of Greek origin and comes from the Greek word “εἶδος” or "eidos" What does it mean "shape”. The word eidetic was established by the German phenomenological psychologist Erich Rudolf Jaensch.

In the psychological field, the eidetic memory known as photographic memory, is a memory of an almost sensory nature in which an individual has the ability to remember what he has seen, imagined and heard previously. Likewise, people with eidetic memory hypertrophy have the ability to remember any situation or object that they have seen or heard and even when they have appreciated it only once.

Eidetic memory is common among children and adolescents, this quality is not hereditary, with age it is lost especially when the patient ignores that he has this ability and does not make an effort to use it. However, eidetic memory has also been diagnosed in cases of autism and Asperger's syndrome.

Due to the above, a case of eidetic memory in autistic people is the case of Kim Peek, the person who inspired the character of Dustin Hoffman in Rain Man, could retain each page of approximately 9000 books and also read each page with a speed between 8 and 12 seconds as each eye moved independently on each page.

However, it is not the same to have a good memory than to have an eidetic memory, since the eidetic memory is preceded by a clear image that lasts for a few minutes after stopping seeing the context or object and, after a while, the individual By closing his eyes, he can recover the image as if it were in front of him. On the other hand, this ability or capacity is not observed in good memory, especially in numbers and texts.

Eidetic reduction

Eidetic reduction refers to the retention of only the essential aspects of an experience or its object. The eidetic reduction consists of separating or excluding everything that is not given in the pure essence of the phenomenon, a method very similar to traditional abstraction.

The method of eidetic reduction is used in phenomenology, which is a philosophical movement developed by Edmund Husserl that calls for the solution of philosophical problems to intuitive or evident experience since it observes things in the most original or clear way.

Likewise, eidetic variation consists of counteracting different intentional objects to emphasize a common essence.

Eidetic Sciences

The eidetic sciences are all those sciences that study the ideal entities that only exist in the minds of the subjects and are not perceptible like numbers. The objective of study of eidetic science is the abstract relationships between signs, that is, ideas. Logic and mathematics are eidetic sciences.

Eidetic in philosophy

Eidetic in philosophy is the substitution of experience for the consideration of essences. Similarly, the term eidetic in philosophy refers to the intuitive knowledge of the essence.

The term eidetic was created by Plato to indicate things in their purest contemplation. Instead, Aristotle designated it to indicate what substance has. The German philosopher Edmund Husserl, for his part, used the term to designate what corresponds to the essence of things and not to their existence or presence.

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