9 extreme examples of social inequality
Social inequality is a problem that affects the socioeconomic well-being of the citizens of a state, community or country. Social inequalities are closely related to social injustices and in the most extreme cases turn out to be a violation of human rights.
Next, 8 extreme examples of social inequality that exist in the world are described. In this way, we can become more aware of injustices so that we think of solutions that help everyone to enjoy the same rights and benefits while respecting our differences in class, race, economic situation, ethnicity or gender.
See also Social equality.
The disparity between the rich and the poor is growing. Billionaires get richer and richer and the poor are dragged into ever more extreme poverty.
People living in extreme poverty tend to find themselves excluded due to lack of resources to get out of this situation. In addition, the social assistance they could receive requires bureaucratic, complicated or inaccessible administrative processes.
The role of social workers in many countries does not cover all marginalized families, perpetuating the state of constant vulnerability in which they find themselves.
See also Poverty.
Unemployment and precarious work
Unemployment rates are rising and the difference in productivity per worker between urban regions and other areas is significant. In Mexico, for example, it reaches a difference of 30%, being one of the highest among the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Soft laws or the lack of them towards companies that hire informal workers increases precarious work. The informality present in these labor relations also facilitates the exploitation of the individual. In addition, the lack of knowledge about the labor subsidies that exist for these workers increases their precariousness.
The increase in young people who do not study, work or are in training also reflects a global problem that increases inequality due to unemployment.
See also Unemployment.
Malnutrition and infant mortality
According to data from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 5.6 million children die of hunger each year due to poor quality or lack of hygiene. In addition, the increase in early pregnancies in girls and adolescents increases the risk of children without sufficient sustenance for a healthy life.
See also Early pregnancy.
Ethnic and cultural discrimination
Differential treatment due to the ethnic or cultural origin of a person causes isolation, marginalization and discrimination of social actors with less social power. Those who receive preferential treatment for their condition cause unequal access to the same resources.
The class distinction can be seen, for example, in society's treatment of native peoples and indigenous populations. This generates a social inequality that is manifested in the belonging of these groups to the poorest social strata, which entails the difficulties inherent to this condition.
See also Discrimination.
Scarcity of access to education
School education is a fundamental right. Despite this, many countries, states and communities do not have the right to education due to the lack of public education coverage. This causes a deficiency in the skills necessary to enter the labor market.
On the other hand, the terms of paternity and maternity leave are minimal or non-existent in many countries. This hinders the stability and care that the child needs, including entering the formal education system.
See also Education.
The tax regime favorable to the wealthiest companies and individuals creates a disparity in profits, assets and economic power. An example of this is the existence of tax havens, tax evasion and evasion, all of which reduce government revenues that could be used to generate employment, education and social services.
The credibility of the fiscal rule makes fiscal policy more inclusive, sustainable, and transparent.
According to the OECD, Turkey, Mexico and Israel are the countries with the highest income inequality with respect to other countries in the world. This economic disparity causes a decrease in the quality of life, in access to basic resources due to poverty, and in the well-being and prosperity of the individual.
Concentration of political power
The existence of privileged sectors generalizes corruption and crime within the political sphere. Furthermore, it creates unreliable judicial processes increasing class discrimination and social injustice.
See also 8 examples of social injustice in the world.
Women and minority sexual communities (LGBT) are generally subject to discriminatory practices in the workplace, emotional and social. This makes them more vulnerable to discrimination and gender-based violence.
In this sense, gender inequality causes a decrease in opportunities, increasing disparities with respect to housing, security and health.