Meaning of Encyclopedia
What is Encyclopedia:
The encyclopedia is a work that compiles knowledge in the area of science, art or some trade.
The word encyclopedia derives from the Greek concept enklyklios paideia arising from the combination of the prefix in- indicating "within", kyklos which means "circle" or "wheel" and paideia which refers to education. The Greeks used this concept to refer to the books necessary for the proper education of children that included human, scientific and artistic knowledge.
From the Greek word it is derived to Latin encyclopaedia which refers to “compendiums of knowledge”.
The format with which we know the encyclopedias today, was taken from the first collective effort of compilation, compilation and creation of available and relevant human knowledge in the 18th century by the French André Le Breton (1708-1779) as representative of the publisher , and Denis Diderot (1713-1784) as author and senior editor of the modern encyclopedia.
Today encyclopedias cover more specific topics such as the legal encyclopedia, medical encyclopedia, design encyclopedia, architecture encyclopedia, economics encyclopedia, art encyclopedia, among others.
In addition, the format of encyclopedias has gone from the written press, to CD-ROMs to be installed in computers, to the current online encyclopedias or virtual encyclopedias such as wiki pages.
See also Wiki.
Modern encyclopedias have been based on the first published encyclopedia of Le Breton and Diderot in the 18th century.
The encyclopedia adopted a thematic structure inspired by the tree of human knowledge by Francis Bacon (1561-1626) and an edition that took as a reference the "Discourse on method" by René Descartes.
Encyclopedias are characterized by covering knowledge about a topic or several topics in a didactic, orderly, relevant and neutral way.
The original name of the first published encyclopedia is L’encyclopédie ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers translated into Spanish as the encyclopedia or dictionary of knowledge of the sciences, arts and crafts, from which we obtained the notion of the modern encyclopedia.
The encyclopedia was initially intended by André Le Breton as a translation of the Cyclopaedia Britannica of 1728. In the year 1742 Le Breton managed to recruit for his project the philosopher Denis Diderot and the mathematician and philosopher Jean D’Alembert (1717-1783) who transformed the work into a project of much broader knowledge.
The encyclopedia had more than 150 collaborators among them: Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau, Diderot and D'Alembert who inspired the rest of Europe to imitate this example, thus completing the work that compiles the knowledge of the 18th century, in the time of the Enlightenment.
During the 19th century, the encyclopedia had 166 volumes and was called Encyclopedie méthodique, translated into Spanish as a methodical encyclopedia.